Capturing Effective Teaching: The Construct of an Observation Scheme
This paper explains the theoretical construct of an observation scheme to describe effective foreign language teaching. Drawing on research in teaching effectiveness from general education and findings from studies in second language acquisition which have been associated with improving learning outcomes, structuring the lesson, scaffolding, questioning, giving feedback, eliciting, responding, giving instructions, confirmation checking, error correction, mediating and motivational strategies are among the areas selected for focus.
KeywordsForeign Language Explicit Knowledge Language Acquisition Language Teaching Implicit Knowledge
I would like to thank Dorota Potocka for extensive discussions on the proposed construct.
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