Composition and Macrostructure of Biological Soil Crusts

  • Claudia ColesieEmail author
  • Vincent John Martin Noah Linus Felde
  • Burkhard Büdel
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 226)


The visible structure (>1 mm) of biocrusts is determined by both biotic and abiotic influences. First, the composing organisms and the various proportions of them have significant influence on the macrostructure of a biocrust. Second, physical parameters, such as climate, and physical and chemical soil properties impact biocrust macrostructure. In this chapter, the difference between abiotic and biotic surface crusting and influences on biocrust structure are discussed. Additionally, we summarize different approaches that were used to classify biocrusts.


Soil Crust Biological Soil Crust Mojave Desert Burial Height Sand Burial 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Claudia Colesie
    • 1
    Email author
  • Vincent John Martin Noah Linus Felde
    • 2
  • Burkhard Büdel
    • 1
  1. 1.Plant Ecology and Systematics, Department of BiologyUniversity of KaiserslauternKaiserslauternGermany
  2. 2.Institute of Soil Science and Soil Conservation, Research Centre for Biosystems, Land Use and Nutrition (IFZ)Justus Liebig University GiessenGiessenGermany

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