The Shadow of Black Holes

  • Arne GrenzebachEmail author
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Physics book series (SpringerBriefs in Physics)


It is explained how to derive analytical formulas for the boundary curve of the shadow as seen by an observer at given position in the domain of outer communication. The formulas are used to analyze the dependency of the shadow of a black hole on the motion of the observer. Furthermore, the horizontal and vertical angular diameters of the shadow are calculated. Although explicit formulas are given for the Kerr space-time only, the method holds true for the general Plebański–Demiański class. After all, the angular diameters for the black holes at the centers of our Galaxy and of M87 are estimated.


Shadow black hole Shadow analytic formula Shadow boundary curve Moving observer Inclination observer Galactic black hole Penrose aberration Angular diameter shadow Sgr A* shadow M87 shadow 


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© The Author(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ZARM—Zentrum für angewandte Raumfahrttechnologie und MikrogravitationUniversität BremenBremenGermany

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