Ethical Dilemmas in Shadow Education Research: Lessons from a Qualitative Study of Learners’ Experiences in Lecture-type Tutoring in Hong Kong

  • Kevin W. H. YungEmail author
Part of the CERC Studies in Comparative Education book series (CERC, volume 32)


Ethical considerations arise at every stage in the research process − planning the study, recruiting and engaging participants in data collection, analysing the data, and publishing. The principal ethical considerations are causing no harm to participants and a commitment to moral integrity and participants’ rights, consent and confidentiality


Ethical Dilemma Classroom Observation Private Tutoring English Learning Reflective Writing 
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Tsinghua UniversityBeijingChina

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