Research on Private Tutoring in Malaysia: Methodological Insights from a Quantitative Study

  • Husaina Banu KenayathullaEmail author
Part of the CERC Studies in Comparative Education book series (CERC, volume 32)


In Malaysia, private tutoring is widely perceived as a household necessity. A 2004/05 household expenditure survey recorded that 20.1 per cent of households with at least one child aged seven to 19 indicated expenditures on private tutoring.


Private Tutoring Class Teacher Shadow Education Approval Letter Asia Pacific Education Review 
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Education Management, Planning & PolicyUniversity of MalayaKuala LumpurMalaysia

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