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Epigenetic Biomarkers of Prenatal Maternal Stress

  • Fernanda SerpeloniEmail author
  • Karl M. Radtke
  • Tobias Hecker
  • Thomas Elbert
Chapter
Part of the Epigenetics and Human Health book series (EHH)

Abstract

Diverse maternal experiences or mood disturbances before birth pose a substantial risk for poor lifetime mental health outcomes. DNA methylation variation in response to prenatal stress has been shown in animal model studies. Although prenatal time represents a sensitive period of development, little is known about the impact of maternal stress during pregnancy on DNA methylation during the life span in humans. In this review, we provide a brief summary of key human studies that bring evidence of DNA methylation in association with prenatal stress. We discuss common findings in the studies such as the type of maternal stress associated to offspring’s DNA methylation and plasticity/stability of epigenetic variations. We also suggest the contribution of additional candidate gene approaches and genome-wide DNA methylation profile, in order to further explore and define the relationship between early social environment, epigenetics, and long-term outcomes. The implications of maternal care on DNA methylation as well as the importance of maternal well-being during pregnancy to prevent future health problems are considered.

Keywords

Prenatal stress Epigenetics Maternal care DNA methylation 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We are thankful to our colleagues, particularly Dr. Frederico Henning and Danie Meyer, for the helpful suggestions. We were supported by a grant from the European Research Council (ERC) through ERC advanced grant 323977 (to T.E) and a grant from the CAPES/DAAD (to F.S).

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fernanda Serpeloni
    • 1
    Email author
  • Karl M. Radtke
    • 1
    • 2
  • Tobias Hecker
    • 3
  • Thomas Elbert
    • 1
  1. 1.Clinical Psychology and Neuropsychology, Department of PsychologyUniversity of KonstanzKonstanzGermany
  2. 2.Evolutionary Biology and Zoology, Department of BiologyUniversity of KonstanzKonstanzGermany
  3. 3.Psychopathology and Clinical Intervention, Department of PsychologyUniversity of ZürichZürichSwitzerland

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