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Final Thoughts on Surgical Decision-Making

  • Rifat LatifiEmail author
  • Fortesa Latifi
Chapter

Abstract

Writing an epilogue for all surgical decision-making complexities and intricacies described in this book is not an easy task. Instead we decided to visit the past and see how the work and statements of giants of surgery on the topic relate to modern surgery science. While much has changed in surgery over the last century, in particular in the last few decades and how we approach surgical problems that afflict millions of people around the world, one thing has not changed: the surgeon’s dedication to caring for the sick and injured and striving to improve our surgical decision-making process, in order to get the best possible outcomes. We hope that this work will further this process even slightly and will inspire others to research the surgical decision-making process, as the key element of surgical science.

Keywords

Surgery Modern surgery Professor Moynihan Operating skills Lifetime Discipline Devotion Judgment 

References

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    Latifi R, Dudrick SJ, Merrell CR. The New surgeon: patient-centered, disease-focused, technology-driven, and team-oriented. In: Latifi R et al., editors. Technological advances in surgery, trauma and critical care. New York: Springer Science + Business Media; 2015.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Thorek M. Surgical errors and safeguards. 4th ed. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott; 1943.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of SurgeryWestchester Medical Center, New York Medical CollegeValhallaUSA
  2. 2.Department of SurgeryUniversity of ArizonaTucsonUSA
  3. 3.Department of SurgeryUniversity of ArizonaTucsonUSA

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