Percutaneous Ventricular Septal Defect Closure

  • Christina Chrysohoou
  • Ankit Parikh
  • Stamatios LerakisEmail author


Ventricular Septal Defects (VSD) are common in early childhood but the prevalence in adulthood is low due to spontaneous closure. Echocardiography can assess the location and size of the VSD, the direction of the intra-cardiac shunt, the effect of the VSD on the cardiac chambers and other associated anomalies. Percutaneous closure of the VSD has become an alternative to surgery. The location of the VSD determines it’s feasibility for device closure. Echocardiography guidance is critical for the safe and successful VSD closure as well for the follow up evaluations.


Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD) Percutaneous closure Echocardiographic guidance Kirklin VSD classification 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christina Chrysohoou
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ankit Parikh
    • 3
  • Stamatios Lerakis
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Division of CardiologyEmory University School of MedicineAtlantaUSA
  2. 2.Hippokration Hospital, University of AthensAthensGreece
  3. 3.Department of Internal MedicineEmory University School of MedicineAtlantaUSA

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