The Monds: A Transnational Family

  • Thomas Adam
Part of the Palgrave Macmillan Transnational History Series book series (PMSTH)


Ludwig Mond was born into a well-off Jewish family in Cassel on March 7, 1839. He grew up in an old house built in the second half of the sixteenth century which was located at the corner of the Marktgasse and Der Graben. It was “a commodious, many-storied building, with a high gabled roof, ornamented with gargoyles.”1 The house came into the possession of the Mond family by his maternal grandfather Aaron Levinsohn, who had acquired the property sometime before 1800. Levinsohn was, according to Frida Mond, a businessman with strong interest in literature and history. He “was most interested in the progress of natural science and in all inventions which expedited and lightened work, so that the house had always the newest labour-saving appliances and lighting and heating apparatuses.”2 Liberal in his religious and political convictions, Levinsohn afforded his three daughters a very progressive education that included instruction in the natural sciences. He even took them to see various factories in Cassel and the surrounding area so that they could receive an understanding of industrial production. “At the same time, he did not neglect their aesthetic education, familiarizing them, by frequent visits, with the Art treasures in Cassel, as well in the Museum as in the Picture Gallery, then housed in the Palace. He had them instructed in drawing and music. They also studied French and Italian, which were then fashionable languages.3 Frida Mond considered her husband’s maternal grandfather to have been more “of a philosopher than a business man so it was no wonder that he did not make a great success of his commerce.” However, Levinsohn was a rather well-off silk merchant and clothier who worked nearly exclusively for the Court of Hesse-Cassel and the Court Theatre.4


Italian Chemist Jewish Community Philanthropic Activity Political Career Socialist Idea 
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© The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas Adam
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Texas at ArlingtonArlingtonUSA

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