The First Painlevé Equation
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This chapter aims at introducing the reader to properties of the first Painlevé equation and its general solution. The definition of the first Painlevé equation is recalled (Sect. 2.1). We precise how the Painlevé property translates for the first Painlevé equation (Sect. 2.2), a proof of which being postponed to an appendix. We explain how the first Painlevé equation also arises as a condition of isomonodromic deformations for a linear ODE (Sect. 2.3 and Sect. 2.4). Some symmetry properties are mentioned (Sect. 2.5). We spend some times describing the asymptotic behaviour at infinity of the solutions of the first Painlevé equation and, in particular, we introduce the truncated solutions (Sect. 2.6). We eventually briefly comment the importance of the first Painlevé transcendents for models in physics (Sect. 2.7).
KeywordsSingular Point Meromorphic Function Linear Ordinary Differential Equation Divergent Series Transcendental Meromorphic Function
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