Donor–Acceptor Dyes for Organic Photovoltaics

  • Alhama Arjona-Esteban
  • Martin Robert Lenze
  • Klaus MeerholzEmail author
  • Frank WürthnerEmail author
Part of the Advances in Polymer Science book series (POLYMER, volume 272)


Small-molecule π-systems bearing donor (D) and acceptor (A) groups constitute an interesting class of dyes because of their tunable strong absorption, which covers the visible and near-infrared range. The dipolarity associated with D–A structures directs antiparallel stacking arrangements in the solid state, thus reducing the dipolar disorder at the supramolecular level. Their straightforward synthesis and purification make them good candidates for photovoltaic application with power conversion efficiencies >6 %. This review summarizes the application of D–A dyes, and in particular merocyanines, in organic photovoltaics in recent years.


Bulk heterojunctions D-A dyes Dipole moment Merocyanines Organic photovoltaics Tandem solar cell 



This work was financially supported by the DFG Priority Program SPP1355 (projects ME 1246/19 and WU 317/10). We thank all our co-workers who were involved in the research reviewed here as well as our collaboration partners from academia and industry.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für Organische Chemie and Center for Nanosystems ChemistryUniversität WürzburgWürzburgGermany
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryUniversity of CologneCologneGermany

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