Controlling the Electronic Interface Properties in Polymer–Fullerene Bulk Heterojunction Solar Cells

  • T. StubhanEmail author
  • N. Wolf
  • J. Manara
  • V. Dyakonov
  • C. J. Brabec
Part of the Advances in Polymer Science book series (POLYMER, volume 272)


This work covers the use of solution-processed metal oxides as interface layers for organic solar cells. To study the interface properties, intrinsic and Al-doped ZnO x were chosen as reference systems. From the class of n-type metal oxides, ZnO x was chosen because it can be doped when it is solution processed. Furthermore, the influence of thin modification layers applied on top of the metal oxides is investigated.


Aluminum-doped zinc oxide Barium hydroxide Charge transport in nanoparticular films Conjugated polyelectrolyte Device structure Diketopyrrolopyrrole-quinquethiophene Doped zinc oxide Electronic surface properties Energy diagram Energy-level diagrams EQE spectra Inferface layers for organic solar cells Interface layers Interface modification layers Inverted organic solar cells J-V characteristics Low temperature Molybdenum oxide Mott–Schottky capacitance Oxygen P3HT PCDTBT Phosphonic acid anchored fullerene SAM Polyvinylpyrrolidone Poole–Frenkel effect Reference solar cells SAM modification Stability of interface materials Stabilization of AZO nanoparticles Summary Thickness dependence Trioxadecanoic acid Water Zinc oxide 



This work is supported by the German Science Foundation (DFG), grant numbers BR 4031/1-1, DY 18/7-1, BR 4031/1-2, and DY 18/7-2.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Stubhan
    • 1
    Email author
  • N. Wolf
    • 2
  • J. Manara
    • 2
  • V. Dyakonov
    • 2
  • C. J. Brabec
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Materials for Electronics and Energy Technology (i-MEET)Friedrich-Alexander-Universtät Erlangen-NürnbergErlangenGermany
  2. 2.Bavarian Center for Applied Energy Research (ZAE Bayern)WürzburgGermany
  3. 3.Bavarian Center for Applied Energy Research (ZAE Bayern)ErlangenGermany

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