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Perspective of the Large Databases and Ontologic Models of Creation of Preclinical and Clinical Results

  • Elisa MeldolesiEmail author
  • Mario Balducci
  • Silvia Chiesa
  • Andrea Damiani
  • Nicola Dinapoli
  • Roberto Gatta
  • Vincenzo Valentini
Chapter
Part of the Current Clinical Pathology book series (CCPATH)

Abstract

In the last decade, remarkable advances in cancer care have created new challenges leading the clinical practice towards a personalized medicine, with an essential role of decision support systems (DSS). Numerous information routinely collected in clinical practice are standardized through the creation of ontologies and included into large databases. Using innovative “rapid-learning” research techniques, it is possible to analyze data and “extract” the factors that can mostly influence the pre-defined outcomes. The availability of reliable and consistent prediction tools makes possible to stratify population in specific risk groups, identifying patients who can better benefit from a specific treatment procedure.

Population-based observational studies resulting from the linkage of different datasets will be conducted in order to develop predictive models that allow physicians to share decision with patients into a wider concept of tailored treatment. Nomograms, interactive websites, and specific applications for new generation’s devices are some of the numerous ways in which predictive models can be represented. Finally, although prediction tools can be very useful in the daily clinical practice, it is mandatory to remember that they will always remain DSS and never decision-makers.

Keywords

High technology Individualized medicine Large database Ontology Data mining Predictive model Semantic web Nomogram Decision Support System Radiomics 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elisa Meldolesi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mario Balducci
    • 1
  • Silvia Chiesa
    • 1
  • Andrea Damiani
  • Nicola Dinapoli
    • 1
  • Roberto Gatta
    • 1
  • Vincenzo Valentini
    • 1
  1. 1.Radiation Oncology DepartmentGemelli-ART, Università Cattolica S. CuoreRomeItaly

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