Influence of Climatic Variables on Crown Condition in Pine Forests of Northern Spain

  • A. V. Sanz-RosEmail author
  • J. A. Pajares
  • J. J. Díez
Part of the Managing Forest Ecosystems book series (MAFE, volume 34)


Climate Change over the last century has created concern to the scientific community, as it could have a major impact on natural and social systems at local, regional and national scales. Greenhouse gasses emission has been modifying global climate, affecting ecosystems in very diverse ways (FAO 2012). Current mitigation policies derived from Kyoto Protocol are following two main strategies: reduction of gas emissions, and implementation of a sustainable development assuring persistence of greenhouse carbon sinks, including forests lands.


Iberian Peninsula Annual Temperature Means Tree Vigour Crown Condition August Temperature 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Financial support of this study was provided by European Union, from the INTERREG IIIB Program, Atlantic area, exactly FORSEE Project. Thanks to Christophe Orazio for helping us to obtain the climatic data and for trust us to carry out this project.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. V. Sanz-Ros
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • J. A. Pajares
    • 3
    • 4
  • J. J. Díez
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.iuFOR - Sustainable Forest Management Research Institute (UVA-INIA), Plant Production and Forest Resources DepartmentUniversidad de ValladolidPalenciaSpain
  2. 2.Forest Health Centre of Calabazanos (Junta de Castilla y León)Polígono Industrial de VillamurielPalenciaSpain
  3. 3.iuFOR - Sustainable Forest Management Research InstituteUniversidad de Valladolid - INIAPalenciaSpain
  4. 4.Departamento de Producción Vegetal y Recursos Forestales, ETS de Ingenierías AgrariasUniversidad de ValladolidPalenciaSpain

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