Assessing Pine Wilt Disease Risk Under a Climate Change Scenario in Northwestern Spain

  • G. Pérez
  • J. J. Díez
  • F. Ibeas
  • J. A. PajaresEmail author
Part of the Managing Forest Ecosystems book series (MAFE, volume 34)


Forest ecosystems are characterized by their structural complexity and biodiversity and trophic relationships within them commonly involve several levels. Functioning of these systems is likely to be perturbed in many ways if significant warming predicted eventually occurs. Among the interactions to be shifted by temperature increments in the Mediterranean region, these between forest pest and host trees are highly relevant to forest conservation and management, since perturbations may result in many cases in a reduced probability of tree or stand survival.


Risk Level Bark Beetle Pine Wilt Disease Forest Pest Pine Wood Nematode 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



We thank J.M. Sierra and A. Martín (Centro de Sanidad Forestal de Calabazanos, Junta de Castilla y León) and G. Sánchez (Dirección General para la Biodiversidad). Financial support was provided by a grant from Ministerio de Medio Ambiente (Dirección General para la Biodiversidad), Spain.


  1. Battisti A, Statsmy M, Schopf A, Roques A, Robinet C, Larsson A (2005) Expansion of geographical range in the pine processionary moth caused by increased winter temperature. Ecol Entomol 15:2084–2094Google Scholar
  2. Direçao-Geral das Florestas (1999) Relatorio de execuçao. Plano de erradicaçao do nematodo do pinherio. 1a fase. Ministerio de Agricultura, Desenvolvimento Rural e das Pescas, LisboaGoogle Scholar
  3. Evans HF, Mc Namara DG, Braash H, Chadoeuf J, Magnusson C (1996) Pest Risk Analyses (PRA) for the territories of the European Union (as PRA area) on Bursaphelenchus xylophilus and its vectors in the genus Monochamus. OEPP/EPPO Bull 26:199–249CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Ibeas F, Gallego D, Díez JJ, Pajares JA (2007) An operative kairomonal lure for managing pine sawyer beetle Monochamus galloprovincialis (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) J Appl Entomol 131:13–20CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Ibeas F, Díez JJ, Pajares JA (2008) Olfactory sex attraction and mating behaviour in the pine sawyer Monochamus galloprovincialis (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) J Insect Behav 28:101. doi: 10.1007/s10905-007-9104-1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Ikeda T (1996) Responses of water-stressed Pinus thunbergii to Inoculation with avirulent pine wood nematode (Bursaphelenchus xylophilus): water relations and sylem histology. J For Res 1:223–226CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. IPCC (2007) Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Fourth assessment report. Available at Last access 26 Oct 2007
  8. Maleck RB, Appleby JE (1984) Epidemiology of pine wilt in Illinois. Plant Dis 68:180–186CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Mamiya Y (1983) Pathology of the pine wilt disease caused by Bursaphelenchus xylophilus. Annu Rev Phytopathol 21:201–220CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Mamiya Y (1988) History of pine wilt disease in Japan. J Nematol 20:219–226PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  11. Mota MM, Braasch H, Bravo MA, Penas AC, Burgermeister W, Metge K, Sousa E (1999) First report of Bursaphelenchus xylophilus in Portugal and in Europe. Nematology 1:727–734CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Pajares JA, Ibeas F, Díez JJ, Gallego D (2004) Attractive responses by Monochamus galloprovincialis (Col., Cerambycidae) to host and bark beetle semiochemicals. J Appl Entomol 128:633–638CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Rutherford TA, Webster JM (1987) Distribution of pine wilt disease with respect to temperature in North America, Japan and Europe. Can J For Res 17:1050–1059CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Rutherford TA, Mmamiya Y, Webster JM (1990) Nematode-induced pine wilt disease: factors influencing its occurrence and distribution. For Sci 36:145–155Google Scholar
  15. Sousa E, Bravo MA, Pires J, Naves P, Penas AC, Bonifacio L, Mota MM (2001) Bursaphelenchus xylophilus (Nematoda: Aphelenchoididae) associated with Monochamus galloprovincialis (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) in Portugal. Nematology 3:89–91CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Takeshita K, Hagihara Y, Ogawa S (1975) Environmental analysis to pine damage in Western Japan (Japanese with English summary) Bull Fukuoka For Exp Station 24:1–45Google Scholar
  17. Williams DW, Liebhold AM (2002) Climate change and the outbreak range of two North American bark beetles. Agric For Entomol 4:87–99CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Winfield M-J (1987) A comparison of mycophagous and phytophagous phases in the pine wood nematode. In: Winfield M-J (ed) Pathogenicity of the pine wood nematode. APS Press, St. PaulGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Pérez
    • 1
  • J. J. Díez
    • 2
    • 3
  • F. Ibeas
    • 2
    • 3
  • J. A. Pajares
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Centro de Sanidad Forestal de Calabazanos, Junta de Castilla y LeónPalenciaSpain
  2. 2.iuFOR – Sustainable Forest Management Research InstituteUniversidad de Valladolid – INIAPalenciaSpain
  3. 3.Departamento de Producción Vegetal y Recursos Forestales, ETS de Ingenierías AgrariasUniversidad de ValladolidPalenciaSpain

Personalised recommendations