The Teachers’ Digital Literacy: Determining Digital Divide in Public Basic Schools in Ghana

  • James Sunney Quaicoe
  • Kai Pata
Conference paper
Part of the Communications in Computer and Information Science book series (CCIS, volume 552)


This study explored the role of the teacher’s digital literacy (TDL) among other schools’ digital culture (SDC) components in determining Digital Divide (DD) among Ghana’s basic schools. A paper-based survey was conducted with teachers and head-teachers from randomly sampled 17 basic schools in various locations in Ghana. The questionnaire was adopted from the Institute for Capacity Building – UNESCO and EU rubrics for measuring ICT in education; and explored nine Digital Culture components including TDL. Data were analysed using K-means Clustering, Correlation analysis, Discriminant analysis, and Independent-samples T-test. The schools were clustered based on SDC components into two DD groups; the principal influencing factors were Teachers’ digital literacy and ICT related policy documents. The school groups particularly differed based on whether they not only had the digital literacy competences, but also applied these competences in their teaching and professional development in schools. We argue that in spite of training for TDL, many schools still lack other digital culture components, and this may hinder them in applying ICT in their schools.


Digital divide Digital literacy School digital culture Information literacy Teacher digital literacy 


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© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Open Access This chapter is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial License, which permits any noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Digital TechnologiesTallinn UniversityTallinnEstonia

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