Constructing Human Smart Cities

  • Álvaro de Oliveira
  • Margarida Campolargo
  • Maria Martins
Conference paper
Part of the Communications in Computer and Information Science book series (CCIS, volume 579)


This paper argues that current technology-driven implementations of Smart Cities, although being an important step in the right direction, fall short in exploiting the most important human dimension of cities. In a Human Smart City, people rather than technology are the true actors of the urban “smartness”. The creation of a participatory innovation ecosystem in which, citizens and communities interact with public authorities and knowledge developers, in a collaborative mode, exploiting the power of co-designed user centered innovation services, is the driving force. The authors argue that the city challenges are more effectively addressed at the scale of neighbourhood and they provide cases and experiences that demonstrate the viability, importance and impact of this model.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Open Access This chapter is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial License, which permits any noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.

Authors and Affiliations

  • Álvaro de Oliveira
    • 1
  • Margarida Campolargo
    • 1
  • Maria Martins
    • 1
  1. 1.Alfamicro Lda.CascaisPortugal

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