Advertisement

Mathematical and Experimental Analyses of a Compression Ignition (CI) Engine Run on a Bioethanol Diesel Emulsion

  • Murugan SivalingamEmail author
  • Dulari Hasdah
  • Bohumil HorákEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 423)

Abstract

In this study, a possibility of using a bioethanol-diesel emulsion as an alternative fuel for compression ignition (CI) engines is explored. For the investigation bioethanol was obtained from Madhuca Indica flower by fermentation process. Two important emission parameters nitric oxide (NO) and smoke emissions from the emulsion fueled single cylinder, four stroke, air cooled direct injection (DI) CI engine were determined and compared with those of diesel operation at different load conditions. The experimental results were also validated by a mathematical modelling using a MATLAB program and are presented in this paper.

Keywords

Bioethanol Diesel engine Modelling MATLAB 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This paper has been elaborated in the framework of the project New creative teams in priorities of scientific research, reg. no. CZ.1.07/2.3.00/30.0055, supported by Operational Programme Education for Competitiveness and co-financed by the European Social Fund and the state budget of the Czech Republic. The authors also thank National Institute of Technology, Rourkela for carrying out the experiments.

References

  1. 1.
    Leite, R.C.C., Leal, M.R.L.V., Cortez, L.A.B., Barbosa, L.A., Griffin, W.M., Scandiffio, M.I.G.: Can Brazil replace 5 % of the 2025 gasoline world demand with ethanol? Energy 34, 655–661 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Demirbas, A.: Bioethanol from cellulosic materials: a renewable motor fuel from biomass. Energy Sour. 27, 327–337 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Hahn-Hägerdal, B., Galbe, M., Gorwa-Grauslund, M.F., Lidén, G., Zacchi, G.: Bio-ethanol-the fuel of tomorrow from the residues of today. Trends Biotechnol. 24, 549–556 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ecklund, E.E., Bechtold, R.L., Timbario, T.J., McCallum, P.W.: State-of-the art report on the use of alcohols in diesel engines. SAE Technical Paper 840118, pp. 1684–1702 (1984)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Reitz, R.D., Bracco, F.V.: On the dependence of spray angle and other spray parameters on nozzle design and operating conditions. SAE technical paper no. 790494 (1979)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Patil, S.: Thermodynamic modelling for performance analysis of compression ignition engine fuelled with biodiesel and its blends with diesel. Int. J. Recent Technol. Eng. (IJRTE) 1, 134–138 (2013)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Awad, S., Varuvel, E.G., Loubar, K., Tazerout, M.: Single zone combustion modeling of biodiesel from wastes in a diesel engine. Fuel 106, 558–568 (2013)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Hansdah, D., Murugan, S., Das, L.M.: Experimental studies on a DI diesel engine fueled with bioethanol-diesel emulsions. Alexandria Eng. J. 52, 267–276 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ramadhas, A.S., Jayaraj, S., Muraleedharan, C.: Theoretical modeling and experimental studies on biodiesel-fueled engine—technical note. Renew. Energy 31, 1813–1826 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Annand, W.J.D.: Heat transfer in the cylinders of reciprocating internal combustion engines. Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng. 177, 973–990 (1963)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Rakopoulos, C.D., Rakopoulos, D.C., Giakoumis, E.G., Kyritsis, D.C.: Validation and sensitivity analysis of a two-zone diesel engine model for combustion and emissions prediction. Energy Convers. Manag. 45, 1471–1479 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Gogoi, T.K., Baruah, D.C.: A cycle simulation model for predicting the performance of a diesel engine fuelled by diesel and biodiesel blends. Energy 35, 1317–1323 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Heywood, J.B.: Internal Combustion Engines Fundamentals, pp. 491–667. McGraw Hill Publications, New York (1988)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre ENETOstravaThe Czech Republic
  2. 2.Department of Cybernetics and Biomedical EngineeringVSB Technical UniversityOstravaThe Czech Republic
  3. 3.Department of Mechanical EngineeringNational Institute of TechnologyRourkelaIndia

Personalised recommendations