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Extracellular Matrix and Tissue Regeneration

  • Zygmunt MackiewiczEmail author
  • Yrjö Tapio Konttinen
  • Emilia Kaivosoja
  • Vasily Stegajev
  • Hanoch Daniel Wagner
  • Jaakko Levón
  • Veli-Matti Tiainen
Chapter
  • 883 Downloads

Abstract

Extracellular matrix (ECM) is an important component of stem cell niche areas, which provide residence, regulate stem cell pool size and control stem cell mobilization. ECM is a complex interlinked composite of collagenous molecules, non-collagenous molecules and water-rich mucopolysaccharide ground substance. Cells are integrated to their matrix via integrin and non-integrin receptors, which control adhesion, migration, division, growth, anoikis, transdifferentiation and other cellular behaviour. ECM safeguard cells and tissue architecture and strength, but also growth factor deposits, which proteinases as signalling scissors can release in a site- and process-specific manner. Selected processes, like wound healing, cartilage and heart ECM, and tumor growth are used to exemplify participation of ECM in tissue regenerative processes.

Keywords

Extracellular matrix Stem cells Regeneration 

Notes

Aknowledgements

This work was supported EU Matera grant “Bioactive Nanocomposite Constructs for Regeneration of Articular Cartilage”, European Science Foundation “Regenerative Medicine” RNP, Danish Council for Strategic Research, Finska Lakaresallskapet, Orion Foundation and EU COST 533 Biotribology Action.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zygmunt Mackiewicz
    • 1
    Email author
  • Yrjö Tapio Konttinen
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  • Emilia Kaivosoja
    • 2
  • Vasily Stegajev
    • 2
  • Hanoch Daniel Wagner
    • 5
  • Jaakko Levón
    • 2
  • Veli-Matti Tiainen
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Regenerative MedicineState Research Institute Center for Innovative MedicineVilniusLithuania
  2. 2.Department of MedicineInstitute of Clinical MedicineHelsinkiFinland
  3. 3.COXA Hospital for Joint ReplacementTampereFinland
  4. 4.ORTON Orthopaedic HospitalORTON FoundationHelsinkiFinland
  5. 5.Department of Materials and InterfacesWeizmann Institute of ScienceRehovotIsrael

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