Analog-to-Digital Converters

  • Ana Paula Pinto Correia
  • Pedro Miguel Cândido Barquinha
  • João Carlos da Palma Goes
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Electrical and Computer Engineering book series (BRIEFSELECTRIC)


Nowadays, data converters are considered one of themost relevant blocks in electronics, having a large amount of applications. In the last years, a fast trend in different fields, such as in digital processing and in semiconductor industry, boosted the performance of analog-to-digital converters (ADCs) and of digital-to-analog converters (DACs).

In this chapter a concise historical perspective and a brief background related to ADCs is given. The main architectures are referred, emphasizing the operationmode of successive approximation ADCs (SAR-ADCs) and of sigma-delta (\(\Sigma \Delta \)) ADCs, taking into account their current relevance. Additionally, and given the purpose of this book, the usage of thin film technologies in circuits is analyzed, especially when they are applied in ADCs.


Analog-to-digital Converters (ADCs) Successive Approximation ADCs Faster Trend Sigma Delta Low-temperature Polycrystalline Silicon (LTPS) 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    C. STAMFORD, Gartner says worldwide semiconductor sales expected to reach $348 billion in 2015, a 2.2 percent increase from 2014, 2015 [Online]. Available
  2. 2.
    B. Murmann, Adc performance survey 1997–2015 [Online]. Available (visited on 1 Oct 2015)
  3. 3.
    T.C. Carusone, D. Johns, K. Martin, Analog Integrated Circuit Design, 2nd ed. (Wiley, 2011).
  4. 4.
    B. Le, T. Rondeau, J. Reed, C. Bostian, Analog-to-digital converters. IEEE Signal Process. Mag. 22(6), 69–77 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    J.L.A. De Melo, A low power 1-MHz continuous-time \(\varSigma \varDelta\) M using a passive loop filter designed with a genetic algorithm tool, in Proceedings - IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, vol. 1 (2013), pp. 586–589Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    E. Janssen, A. van Roermund, Look-Ahead Based Sigma-Delta Modulation (Springer Publishing Company, New York, 2013), p. 283zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    H. Marien, M. Steyaert, P. Heremans, Analog Organic Electronics (Springer, New York, 2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    R. Presley, D. Hong, H. Chiang, C. Hung, R. Hoffman, J. Wager, Transparent ring oscillator based on indium gallium oxide thin-film transistors. Solid State Electron. 50(3), 500–503 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    M. Mativenga, M.H. Choi, J.W. Choi, J. Jang, Transparent flexible circuits based on amorphous-indium-gallium-zinc-oxide thin-film transistors. IEEE Electron Device Lett. 32(2), 170–172 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    B. Kim, C.-I. Ryoo, S.-J. Kim, J.-U. Bae, H.-S. Seo, C.-D. Kim, M.-K. Han, New depletion-mode IGZO TFT shift register. IEEE Electron Device Lett. 32(2), 158–160 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    D. Raiteri, F. Torricelli, K. Myny, M. Nag, B. Van der Putten, E. Smits, S. Steudel, K. Tempelaars, A. Tripathi, G. Gelinck, A. Van Roermund, E. Cantatore, A 6 b 10 MS/s current-steering DAC manufactured with amorphous gallium-indium-zinc-oxide TFTs achieving SFDR ¿ 30 db up to 300 kHz, in 2012 IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference (IEEE, New York, 2012), pp. 314–316Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    A. Dey, D.R. Allee, IEEE, Amorphous silicon 5 bit flash analog to digital converter, in 2012 IEEE Custom Integrated Circuits Conference, 2012Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    A. Jamshidi-Roudbari, P.-C. Kuo, M.K. Hatalis, A flash analog to digital converter on stainless steel foil substrate. Solid State Electron. 54(4), 410–416 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    W.-M. Lin, C.-F. Lin, S.-I. Liu, A CBSC second-order sigma-delta modulator in 3 μm LTPS-TFT technology, in 2009 IEEE Asian Solid-State Circuits Conference (IEEE, New York, 2009), pp. 133–136CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    W. Xiong, U. Zschieschang, H. Klauk, B. Murmann, A 3v 6b successive-approximation ADC using complementary organic thin-film transistors on glass, in 2010 IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference - (ISSCC) (IEEE, New York, 2010), pp. 134–135CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    H. Marien, M.S.J. Steyaert, E. van Veenendaal, P. Heremans, A fully integrated \(\varDelta \varSigma\) ADC in organic thin-film transistor technology on flexible plastic foil. IEEE J. Solid State Circuits 46(1), 276–284 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ana Paula Pinto Correia
    • 1
  • Pedro Miguel Cândido Barquinha
    • 2
  • João Carlos da Palma Goes
    • 1
  1. 1.CTS/UNINOVA and Department of Electrical EngineeringUniversidade NOVA de LisboaLisbonPortugal
  2. 2.I3N/CENIMAT and Department of Materials ScienceUniversidade NOVA de LisboaLisbonPortugal

Personalised recommendations