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Utilization of Germplasm for the Genetic Improvement of Mung bean [Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek]: The Constraints and the Opportunities

  • Ruchi Vir
  • Suman Lakhanpaul
  • Sonal Malik
  • Sooraj Umdale
  • Kangila Venkataramana BhatEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Sustainable Development and Biodiversity book series (SDEB, volume 10)

Abstract

Pulses are rich in proteins and serve as a main source of this essential component of nutrition particularly for the predominantly vegetarian population of India and adjacent countries. Mung bean [Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek] also known as green gram is an important pulse crop due to its widespread consumption throughout the Indian subcontinent. It is increasingly becoming popular in other parts of the world in recent years due to its value added products that are rich in several nutrients. However, unlike cereal crops, mung bean yields have not been able to meet the demands of the consumers leading to its import from other countries thereby resulting in steep rise in prices. Low productivity in mung bean is pushing it to the marginal lands and further decreasing its competitiveness in comparison to other crops. Despite developing several cultivars suitable for specific agro-climatic zones, mung bean crop is affected by a wide range of biotic and abiotic stresses. Further, some quality traits of mung bean also need to be improved for enhancing its nutritional value. Large germplasm collections are available in national and international gene banks; however, their vast potential is yet to be exploited. Effective utilization of these genetic resources requires their trait-based evaluations for identification of the elite genotypes and core sets. Conventional breeding approaches will get strong impetus by the identification of primary, secondary and tertiary genepools in order to select the donor and design the judicious approaches for the transfer of useful genes. Detailed molecular characterization of genetic diversity of the available germplasm and assessment of phylogenetic relationships among the related taxa done so far can provide useful leads in this regard. Recent developments in the large-scale genomic tools have resulted in the availability of whole genome sequence of mung bean which is a significant boost for the exploitation of biotechnological advancements for its improvement. However, lack of efficient protocols for transformation and regeneration of mung bean pose the important challenges that need to be addressed at the earliest. Appropriate combination of conventional and molecular approaches aimed at exploitation of the available germplasm is the need of the hour for successful development of high yielding cultivars in this crop.

Keywords

Pulses Vigna radiata Green gram Mung bean Wild relatives Germplasm Genomic resources 

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© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ruchi Vir
    • 1
  • Suman Lakhanpaul
    • 1
  • Sonal Malik
    • 1
  • Sooraj Umdale
    • 2
  • Kangila Venkataramana Bhat
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of BotanyUniversity of DelhiDelhiIndia
  2. 2.National Bureau of Plant Genetic ResourcesPusa CampusNew DelhiIndia

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