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Chromosome Engineering for High Precision Crop Improvement

  • Harinder Kumar ChaudharyEmail author
  • Vineeta Kaila
  • Shoukat Ahmad Rather
  • Navdeep Singh Jamwal
  • Anila Badiyal
Chapter
Part of the Sustainable Development and Biodiversity book series (SDEB, volume 10)

Abstract

Logarithmically increasing population and steadily changing climatic conditions have created a threatening situation of food insecurity worldwide and pose a challenge to breeders. In view of the narrow genetic background of the cultivated crop species, it has become imperative to broaden their genetic base by introgressing alien genes. However, monitoring the introgression(s) is indispensable for accelerated and high precision crop improvement. This chapter reveals the application of various innovative approaches like haploid inducer genes and chromosome elimination-mediated doubled haploidy breeding in barley, maize, wheat and potato required for the acceleration of breeding endeavours. It also covers the strategic chromosome engineering techniques needed for the alien chromatin introgression in wheat and further monitoring by use of novel molecular cytogenetic tools, including GISH and FISH for the targeted genetic upgradation with high precision.

Keywords

Wheat Barley Wheat × maize Wheat × Imperata cylindrica Haploid inducer genes GISH FISH 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors are highly obliged to Prof. Yasuhiko Mukai, Osaka Kyoiku University, Japan and Dr. Trude Schwarzacher, Department of Biology, University of Leicester, UK, for extending their expertise in getting the resolution of certain results mentioned in this article.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Harinder Kumar Chaudhary
    • 1
    Email author
  • Vineeta Kaila
    • 1
  • Shoukat Ahmad Rather
    • 1
  • Navdeep Singh Jamwal
    • 1
  • Anila Badiyal
    • 1
  1. 1.Molecular Cytogenetics and Tissue Culture Lab, Department of Crop ImprovementCSK Himachal Pradesh Agricultural UniversityPalampurIndia

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