Advertisement

Introduction: Subjectivity and Selfhood in the History of Philosophy

  • Jari KaukuaEmail author
  • Tomas Ekenberg
Chapter
Part of the Studies in the History of Philosophy of Mind book series (SHPM, volume 16)

Abstract

In our everyday dealings with ourselves, other persons and the world, we commonly take our selves, or the entities signified by our employment of the first-personal pronoun ‘I’ in simple assertoric sentences such as ‘I am’, ‘I think’, or ‘I am walking’, to be the uncontroversial loci of our experiences of being, knowing, and acting. But when we glance at contemporary literature on the philosophy of mind and action, on a steady increase for much of the twentieth and the present century in naturalist, analytic, and phenomenological approaches alike, we find that few of the intuitions we may have about that first-personal pivot actually stand uncontested. In fact, it rather seems that if there is one connecting thread in the variety of discussion, this must the dissatisfaction with the so-called Cartesian paradigm and its claim to epitomize some of those very intuitions.

Bibliography

  1. Black, D. L. (2008). Avicenna on self-awareness and knowing that one knows. In S. Rahman, T. Street, & H. Tahiri (Eds.), The unity of science in the Arabic tradition: Science, logic, epistemology and their interactions (pp. 63–87). Dordrecht: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Black, D. L. (2012). Avicenna on individuation, self-awareness, and God’s knowledge of particulars. In R. Taylor & I. Omar (Eds.), The Judeo-Christian-Islamic heritage: Philosophical and theological perspectives (pp. 255–281). Milwaukee: Marquette University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Boulnois, O. (2007). Généalogies du sujet: De Saint Anselme à Malebranche. Paris: Vrin.Google Scholar
  4. Brower-Toland, S. (2013). Olivi on consciousness and self-knowledge: The phenomenology, metaphysics, and epistemology of mind’s reflexivity. Oxford Studies in Medieval Philosophy, 1, 136–171.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Brower-Toland, S. (2014). William Ockham on the scope and limits of consciousness. Vivarium, 52, 197–219.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Cory, T. S. (2013). Aquinas on human self-knowledge. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. de Libera, A. (2007). Archéologie du sujet I: Naissance du sujet. Paris: Vrin.Google Scholar
  8. de Libera, A. (2008). Archéologie du sujet II: La quête de l’identité. Paris: Vrin.Google Scholar
  9. Henrich, D. (1989). Die Anfänge der Theorie des Subjekts. In A. Honneth, T. McCarthy, C. Offe, & A. Wellmer (Eds.), Zwischenbetrachtungen im Prozeß der Aufklärung: Jürgen Habermas zum 60. Geburtstag (pp. 106–170). Frankfurt: Suhrkamp.Google Scholar
  10. Kaukua, J. (2015). Self-awareness in Islamic philosophy: Avicenna and beyond. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Ryle, G. (1949). The concept of mind. London: Hutchinson.Google Scholar
  12. Schierbaum, S. (2014). Ockham on the possibility of self-knowledge: Knowing acts without knowing subjects. Vivarium, 52, 220–240.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Sorabji, R. (2006). Self: Ancient and modern insights about individuality, life, and death. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Taylor, C. (1989). Sources of the self: The making of the modern identity. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  15. Thiel, U. (2011). The early modern subject: Self-consciousness and personal identity from Descartes to Hume. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Toivanen, J. (2013). Perceptual self-awareness in Seneca, Augustine, and Olivi. Journal of the History of Philosophy, 51, 355–382.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Yrjönsuuri, M. (2007). The structure of self-awareness: A fourteenth-century debate. In S. Heinämaa, V. Lähteenmäki, & P. Remes (Eds.), Consciousness: From perception to reflection in the history of philosophy (pp. 141–152). Dordrecht: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Yrjönsuuri, M. (2008). Locating the self within the soul: Thirteenth-century discussions. In P. Remes & J. Sihvola (Eds.), Ancient philosophy of the self (pp. 225–241). Dordrecht: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Social Sciences and PhilosophyUniversity of JyväskyläJyväskyläFinland
  2. 2.Department of PhilosophyUppsala UniversityUppsalaSweden

Personalised recommendations