Sensory Polymers for Detecting Explosives and Chemical Warfare Agents

  • José M. GarcíaEmail author
  • Jesús L. Pablos
  • Félix C. García
  • Felipe Serna


The detection of explosives (EXs) and chemical warfare agents (CWA) is challenging and a topic of current interest. It is driven by societal concerns about the widespread use of explosives in the mining industry and military endeavors and specifically in terrorist attacks and of CWA in the latter. The detection and quantification of these chemicals is twofold, through vapor and in solution detection. Sensory polymers are suitable materials for this purpose because they can be transformed or prepared as intelligent films, coatings, and fibers in sensory materials for transducing devices, as smart strips or tags that can be easily handled, or even as smart coatings for commercial fabrics as well as paint for all kinds of surfaces. The detection is based on any variation of a measurable property arisen from the target species/polymer interaction such as mass uptake, conductivity or resistivity changes, chemo-mechanical and electrochemical behavior variations, and chromogenic and fluorescence behavior modifications.


Explosives Chemical warfare agents Nerve agents Polymers Sensors 



We gratefully acknowledge the financial support provided by the Spanish Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad-Feder (MAT2014-54137-R) and by the Consejería de Educación—Junta de Castilla y León (BU232U13).


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • José M. García
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jesús L. Pablos
    • 1
    • 2
  • Félix C. García
    • 1
  • Felipe Serna
    • 1
  1. 1.Departamento de Química, Facultad de CienciasUniversidad de BurgosBurgosSpain
  2. 2.Polymer Photochemistry Group, Instituto de Ciencia y Tecnología de Polímeros, C.S.I.C.MadridSpain

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