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Nanocomposite Polymeric-Based Coatings: From Mathematical Modeling to Experimental Insights for Adapting Microstructure to High-Tech Requirements

  • Andreea Irina BarzicEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Nanocomposite polymeric-based coatings have been widely investigated owing to their high performance and physical properties that can be easily controlled through various factors. The performance of such systems is determined not only by the characteristics of the polymers or nanofiller but also by the interactions occurring between them. For understanding the improvement routes of their properties, a short classification of the polymer nanocomposites highlighting the importance of the shape, size, distribution, and origin of the nanofiller is presented. A review of the investigation methods of the microstructure evaluation, starting from solution phase to solid coatings, is performed. These techniques include rheology, UV-VIS spectroscopy, microscopic techniques, electron tomography, X-ray diffraction, mechanical tests, permeability measurements, and advanced thermal analysis. In addition to experimental evaluation tools, synthesis for the mathematical models developed for their electrical, thermal, and dielectric properties is presented. The current trends in obtaining intelligent polymer composites (thermo-sensitive, pH-responsive, and other responsive stimuli) for various applications are also reviewed.

Keywords

Polymer nanocomposites Microstructure Intelligent materials 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.“Petru Poni” Institute of Macromolecular ChemistryIasiRomania

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