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Designing Self-Healing Polymers by Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization and Click Chemistry

  • Bhaskar Jyoti Saikia
  • Dhaneswar Das
  • Pronob Gogoi
  • Swapan Kumar DoluiEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

The development of smart self-healing polymeric materials and composites has been the subject of a tremendous amount of research over last few years. When self-healing materials are mechanically damaged, either internally (via crack formation) or externally (by scratching), they have the ability of restoring their original strength and recovering their inherent properties. For polymers to exhibit such a healing ability, they must contain some functionality which will either rebound among themselves or have the ability of coupling with other functionalities. Preparation of such multifunctional and well-defined macromolecules requires a smart selection of a controlled polymerization technique in combination with appropriate coupling reactions. Among all the polymerization techniques introduced so far, atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) is the most versatile owing to its exceptional properties like preparation of polymer with predetermined molecular weight, narrow polydispersity index, predetermined chain-end functionality, and tunable architecture. Click chemistry is an extremely powerful coupling approach which in combination with ATRP can be used for generation of polymers with almost all of the desired properties. In this chapter, an overview on the use of ATRP and click chemistry for polymerization of various “clickable” monomers using “clickable” ATRP initiators is provided along with other post-polymerization modification strategies that can be used to construct macromolecules with self-healing ability.

Keywords

Self-healing polymers ATRP Click chemistry 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bhaskar Jyoti Saikia
    • 1
  • Dhaneswar Das
    • 1
  • Pronob Gogoi
    • 1
  • Swapan Kumar Dolui
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Chemical SciencesTezpur UniversityNapaamIndia

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