Virtual and Consistent Hyperbolic Tree: A New Structure for Distributed Database Management

  • Telesphore Tiendrebeogo
  • Damien MagoniEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 9466)


We describe a new structure called Virtual and Consistent Hyperbolic tree (VCH-tree) for implementing a distributed database system. This structure is based on the hyperbolic geometry and can support queries over large spatial data sets, distributed over interconnected servers. The VCH-tree is comparable to the well-known R-tree structure, but it leverages the hyperbolic geometry properties of the Poincaré disk model. It maintains a balanced Q-degree spatial tree that scales with insertions of data objects into a large number of servers, reachable through hyperbolic coordinates. A user application manipulates the structure from a client node. The client can connect to the system through one of the servers that is already in the VCH-tree. Messages are then routed towards the proper server by a greedy algorithm which uses the hyperbolic coordinates attributed to each server. We have performed simulations to assess the efficiency and reliability of the VCH-tree. Results show that our VCH-tree exhibits expected performances for being used by distributed database applications.


Data Object Database Server Hyperbolic Plane Distribute Hash Table Hyperbolic Geometry 
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Polytechnic University of Bobo-DioulassoBobo-DioulassoBurkina Faso
  2. 2.LaBRIUniversity of BordeauxTalenceFrance

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