Measures for Evaluating Green Shipping Practices

  • Y. H. Venus LunEmail author
  • Kee-hung Lai
  • Christina W. Y. Wong
  • T. C. E. Cheng
Part of the Shipping and Transport Logistics book series (STL)


As ships serve more than 80 % of the world trade by volume (UNCTAD in Review of Maritime Transport. In: United Nations on Trade and Conference 2011), sea transportation is the most popular shipping method used by traders. Public concerns over environmentally friendly operations and resource conservation in the shipping sector have been on the rise. Shipping facilitates global trade but generates environmental pollution (e.g., CO2 emissions and oil spills).


Ballast Water Shipping Activity Shipping Industry Green Practice Shipping Equipment 
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Y. H. Venus Lun
    • 1
    Email author
  • Kee-hung Lai
    • 2
  • Christina W. Y. Wong
    • 3
  • T. C. E. Cheng
    • 4
  1. 1.Shipping Research CentreThe Hong Kong Polytechnic UniversityHong KongChina
  2. 2.Shipping Research CentreThe Hong Kong Polytechnic UniversityHong KongChina
  3. 3.Shipping Research CentreThe Hong Kong Polytechnic UniversityHong KongChina
  4. 4.Shipping Research CentreThe Hong Kong Polytechnic UniversityHong KongChina

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