Shipping Makes the World Go Round

  • Alice J. FriedemannEmail author
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Energy book series (BRIEFSENERGY)


Until fossil fuels arrived, wood from forests determined the wealth and power of nations. Trees were the energy source that industry used to make iron, glass, brick, and ceramics; the fuel to heat and cook with, and also the material for homes, barns, furniture, tools, fences, barrels, wagons, and hundreds of other products.


Container Ship Rail Transport Marine Diesel Engine Sailing Ship Complex Supply Chain 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. AASHTO. 2013. Waterborne freight transportation. American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials.Google Scholar
  2. AAPA. 2015. U.S. public port facts. American Association of Port Authorities. Accessed 18 Sept 2015.Google Scholar
  3. Ashby, M.F. 2015. Materials and sustainable development, table A.14. Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann.Google Scholar
  4. Bernhofen, D. et al. 2013. Estimating the effects of the container revolution on world trade. Lund University, Working Paper 2013/4, Department of Economics, Lund University.Google Scholar
  5. Conners, T. 2002. Products made from wood. Lexington: University of Kentucky.Google Scholar
  6. Cottrell, F. 2009. Energy and society. The relation between energy, social change, and economic development. AuthorHouse.Google Scholar
  7. Economist. 2013. The humble hero. Containers have been more important for globalization than freer trade. The Economist, May 18.Google Scholar
  8. ECORYS. 2009. Study on European energy-intensive industries. ECORYS SCS Group.Google Scholar
  9. McPherson, J.M. 1988. The battle cry of freedom: The civil war era. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  10. Mele, J. May 1. 2009. Truck efficiency: More than MPG. Scholar
  11. MQ. 2003. The Mayflower Quarterly. The General Society of Mayflower Descendants. 69: 4.Google Scholar
  12. NFRCP. 2010. North American marine highways. National Cooperative Freight Research Program, National Academies Press.Google Scholar
  13. NRC. 2010. Technologies and approaches to reducing the fuel consumption of medium- and heavy-duty vehicles. National Academies Press.Google Scholar
  14. NRC. 2014. Reducing the fuel consumption and greenhouse gas emissions of medium- and heavy-duty vehicles. Phase Two: National Academies Press.Google Scholar
  15. Perlin, J. 2005. Forest journey. The story of wood and civilization. Woodstock: Countryman Press.Google Scholar
  16. Spilman, R. 2012. Are modern ships slower than sailing ships? Probably not. The old salt blog. Sept 17.Google Scholar
  17. Smil, V. 2013. Prime movers of globalization. The history and impact of diesel engines and gas turbines. Cambridge: The MIT press.Google Scholar
  18. Stopford, M. 2010. How shipping has changed the world and the social impact of shipping. Global Maritime Environmental Congress.Google Scholar
  19. UNCTAD. 2012. Review of maritime transport. United Nations.Google Scholar
  20. U.S. Census. 2012. Table 1085. Waterborne commerce by type of commodity: 1995 to 2009. U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.OaklandUSA

Personalised recommendations