Liquefied Coal: There Goes the Neighborhood, the Water, and the Air

  • Alice J. FriedemannEmail author
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Energy book series (BRIEFSENERGY)


Coal can certainly be made into a drop-in diesel—a fuel that can be burned in existing diesel engines. It has been done in South Africa for over 50 years by Sasol, where coal is converted into liquid fuel (CTL). Also, China’s Shenhua Group recently built the first commercial Direct Coal Liquefaction plant, though the EROI may be low or negative (Kong et al. 2015). Today, South Africa and China are the only nations with commercial CTL plants.


Carbon Capture Coal Gasification Coal Production Coal Reserve Subbituminous Coal 
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© The Author(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.OaklandUSA

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