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Utopia, Science and Garden Art in the Early Modern Era

  • Hubertus Fischer
Conference paper
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Part of the Trends in the History of Science book series (TRENDSHISTORYSCIENCE)

Abstract

Utopia and the theory of architecture in Renaissance humanism have certain concepts of towns and urban life in common. Against this backdrop, this paper intends to explore the question of how gardens were integrated into urban architecture and what role science played in this. Emphasis will be placed on the little-known gardens in Filarete’s treatise on architecture of the 1460s; the radially-arranged city discussed in that work returns in the first Italian literary utopia one hundred years later. In the Protestant and Puritan utopias, Christianopolis and Nova Solyma, from the first half of the seventeenth century, science then forms a close alliance with religion. On the one hand, this bestows additional significance on the gardens; on the other hand, it puts them into perspective by comparing them with the “divine arts of nature”. As both utopias show, progress in understanding nature can indeed be religiously motivated. Finally, the further need for research will be sketched [cf. (Fischer 2012), in which the gardens in More’s Utopia and Bacon ‘s New Atlantis are examined in depth; hence the present article places emphasis on other aspects; a first outline of the topic in Fischer et al. 2011.]

Keywords

Fish Pond Town Planning Pneumatic Engineer Master Builder Reality Fiction 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hubertus Fischer
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre of Garden Art and Landscape ArchitectureLeibniz University HannoverHannoverGermany

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