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Wooded Grasslands as Part of the European Agricultural Heritage

  • Csaba Centeri
  • Hans Renes
  • Michael Roth
  • Alexandra Kruse
  • Sebastian Eiter
  • Jutta Kapfer
  • Antonio Santoro
  • Mauro Agnoletti
  • Francesca Emanueli
  • Maurizia Sigura
  • Martina Slámová
  • Marta Dobrovodská
  • Dagmar Štefunková
  • Zdeněk Kučera
  • Dénes Saláta
  • Anna Varga
  • Salvador Villacreces
  • Johannes Dreer
Chapter
Part of the Environmental History book series (ENVHIS, volume 5)

Abstract

Wooded grasslands have always played an important role in rural life with changing issues: They are of high importance for questions of biodiversity, soil, and water resources and in preserving agricultural heritage, but their maintenance is labor intensive. Abandoned wooded grasslands undergo succession, and food production alone does not support their survival. They require special attention and at the beginning a well-established subsidy system can help to contribute to their survival. Their sustainable use in the present-day landscapes can only be conceivable in complexity where food production, reintroduction of their cultural values, biodiversity and landscape protection, and ecotourism are playing an important role. This chapter gives an overview on the recent situation of wooded grasslands and their historical development, based on the work done by the Institute for Research on European Agricultural Landscapes (www.eucalandnetwork.eu). National pictures, definitions, history (including local names), threats, potentials, cultural values, spatial distributions, subtypes, and available databases have been collected, described, and analyzed. The main results of this survey are as follows: (1) Wooded grasslands are known to the public but mainly to local communities where they occur; (2) Many subtypes of wooded grasslands exist in various European countries; (3) Wooded grasslands underwent tremendous changes during the past centuries and lost their importance for various reasons; (4) There are many local and regional projects focusing on wooded grasslands, often as “lighthouse” projects to valorise cultural achievements.

Keywords

Biodiversity Rural countryside Best-practice examples Sustainable land use Biocultural diversity 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Csaba Centeri
    • 1
  • Hans Renes
    • 2
    • 3
  • Michael Roth
    • 4
  • Alexandra Kruse
    • 5
  • Sebastian Eiter
    • 6
  • Jutta Kapfer
    • 7
  • Antonio Santoro
    • 8
  • Mauro Agnoletti
    • 8
  • Francesca Emanueli
    • 8
  • Maurizia Sigura
    • 9
  • Martina Slámová
    • 15
  • Marta Dobrovodská
    • 10
  • Dagmar Štefunková
    • 10
  • Zdeněk Kučera
    • 11
  • Dénes Saláta
    • 1
  • Anna Varga
    • 12
  • Salvador Villacreces
    • 13
  • Johannes Dreer
    • 14
  1. 1.Faculty of Environmental and Agricultural Sciences, Institute of Nature Conservation and Landscape Management, Department of Nature Conservation and Landscape EcologySzent István UniversityGödöllőHungary
  2. 2.Faculty of GeosciencesUtrecht UniversityUtrechtThe Netherlands
  3. 3.VU University AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands
  4. 4.School of Landscape Architecture, Urban and Environmental PlanningNürtingen-Geislingen UniversityNürtingenGermany
  5. 5.Institute for Research on European Agricultural Landscapes e.VOverathGermany
  6. 6.NIBIO - Norwegian Institute of Bioeconomy ResearchÅsNorway
  7. 7.NIBIO - Norwegian Institute of Bioeconomy ResearchTromsøNorway
  8. 8.Laboratory for Landscape and Cultural HeritageUniversity of FlorenceFlorenceItaly
  9. 9.Department of Agriculture and Environmental SciencesUniversity of UdineUdineItaly
  10. 10.Institute of Landscape EcologySlovak Academy of SciencesBratislavaSlovak Republic
  11. 11.Faculty of Science, Department of Social Geography and Regional Development, The Research Centre for Cultural and Historical GeographyCharles University in PraguePraha 2Czech Republic
  12. 12.Centre for Ecological ResearchHungarian Academy of SciencesVácrátótHungary
  13. 13.Technical University of MadridMadridSpain
  14. 14.Hof und Leben GmbH, Unternehmensberatung für Landwirte, Johannes DreerKirchdorfGermany
  15. 15.Technical University in Zvolen, Department of Landscape Planning and DesignZvolenSlovakia

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