The Nexus Between Landscape Elements and Traditional Practices for Cultural Landscape Management

  • Mateja Šmid HribarEmail author
  • Mimi Urbanc
Part of the Environmental History book series (ENVHIS, volume 5)


Landscape diversity consisted of heterogeneous landscape elements is largely dependent on human activities such as traditional practices and knowledge related to land use which could be recognized as a contribution to cultural diversity. Losing traditional practices may result in impoverishing of landscape and biological diversity. We present cases illustrating connections between certain landscape elements and traditional practices typical for the cultural landscape of Ljubljansko barje (Ljubljana Marshes) in Slovenia. The study was carried out on the selected case study sites during 2012–2013 using study visits and interviews with locals. The aim of identifying these connections was to foster synergies between management of cultural landscape, traditional practices and modern way of living. However, against expectations, the study revealed that in the Ljubljansko barje area not many such practices and knowledge remain. The most useful practices that help to sustain extensive meadows and tall-herb communities are horse breeding and late mowing, and the local knowledge concerning agricultural and building land safe against floods. Moreover, we found important the fact that the first ‘victims’ of modern farming are particularly those landscape elements that are the result of a considerably lower level of technological development.


Landscape element Traditional practices Diversity Cultural landscape Slovenia Biocultural diversity 



This study was conducted as part of PhD studies of Mateja Šmid Hribar, under mentorship of Mimi Urbanc, PhD, and Valentina Brečko Grubar, PhD. We also gratefully acknowledge the help of local people and experts who, by sharing their knowledge, made this study possible.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Anton Melik Geographical InstituteScientific Research Centre of the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and ArtsLjubljanaSlovenia

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