Traditional Agriculture as Cultural Heritage. Forgotten Agroforestry Practices Recorded in Textual Part of Nineteenth Century Tax Records

  • Jana KrčmářováEmail author
  • Martin Arnold
Part of the Environmental History book series (ENVHIS, volume 5)


Agroforestry, integration of trees and agriculture, is an example of traditional European land use which became disadvantaged in the modernization. In the Czech Republic nowadays both agroforestry research and practices are virtually non-existent. Was agroforestry ever in use here? Analysis of Franciscan cadastre (1824–1845) revealed that it was present throughout the Bohemia province irrespective of landscape type, land fertility, altitude, population density and nationality (Krčmářová and Jeleček, in prep.). The following chapter will shed light on the main features of Bohemian agroforestry through content analysis of 166 cadastre evaluative protocols (Schätzung elaborate) of the aforementioned Franciscan cadastre. It will also discuss the interesting fact that even though the agroforestry tradition was clearly still alive it was not adequately documented in this record. Results showing how common rural practices were not recorded bring better understanding of the process of active forgetting of traditional agricultural knowledge during modernization.


Agroforesty Franciscan cadastre Agricultural modernization Central Europe Nineteenth century Biocultural diversity 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Common Anthropology, Faculty of HumanitiesCharles UniversityPragueCzech Republic
  2. 2.Institut fűr Sächsische Geschichte und VolkskundeDresdenGermany

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