# Fuzzy Time Series Modeling Approaches: A Review

## Abstract

Recently, there seems to be increased interest in time series forecasting using soft computing (SC) techniques, such as fuzzy sets, artificial neural networks (ANNs), rough set (RS) and evolutionary computing (EC). Among them, fuzzy set is widely used technique in this domain, which is referred to as “Fuzzy Time Series (FTS)”. In this chapter, extensive information and knowledge are provided for the FTS concepts and their applications in time series forecasting. This chapter reviews and summarizes previous research works in the FTS modeling approach from the period 1993–2013 (June). Here, we also provide a brief introduction to SC techniques, because in many cases problems can be solved most effectively by integrating these techniques into different phases of the FTS modeling approach. Hence, several techniques that are hybridized with the FTS modeling approach are discussed briefly. We also identified various domains specific problems and research trends, and try to categorize them. The chapter ends with the implication for future works. This review may serve as a stepping stone for the amateurs and advanced researchers in this domain.

## Keywords

Fuzzy time series (FTS) Artificial neural networks (ANNs) Rough set (RS) Evolutionary computing (EC)## References

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