Simplification Principles in the Design of Cyber-Physical System-of-Systems

  • Hermann KopetzEmail author
Conference paper


Systems-of-systems are built by the integration of autonomous existing systems, called constituent systems (CS), in order to provide new synergistic services and improved economic processes. When integrating cyber-physical systems (CPSs), the interactions among the constituent systems are not confined to the exchange of messages in cyber space but are also realized by a stigmergic information flow in the physical world. The size of the CPSs and the multitude of the interactions among the CPSs lead to an enormous cognitive complexity of the behavior of the CP-SoS and make it difficult to reason about the correct operation of a cyber-physical system of systems (CP-SoS). It is the objective of this paper to present some simplification principles that help to reduce this cognitive complexity of a CP-SoS.


Service Level Agreement Interface Model Information Item Global Time Cognitive Complexity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This work has been supported, in part, by the European FP7 research project AMADEOS Grant Agreement 610535 on Systems of Systems. Many discussions with members of the AMADEOS Project are warmly acknowledged.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut Für Technische InformatikTU WienWienAustria

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