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Bulk Metallic Glasses and Glassy/Crystalline Materials

  • Dmitri V. Louzguine-LuzginEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Springer Series in Materials Science book series (SSMATERIALS, volume 231)

Abstract

Natural glasses are formed in various materials, for example, oxides, and polymers, while commercial metallic alloys have a crystalline structure either after slow or rapid cooling on casting. Metallic glassy alloys from the melt were first produced in Au–Si system [1] by using a rapid solidification technique at a very high cooling rate of 106 K/s. Pd–Cu–Si and Pd–Ni–P system alloys were first macroscopic metallic glassy articles produced in the shape of 1–2 mm diameter rods [2]. Larger-size Pd–Ni–P samples were obtained later after flux treatment which helps to suppress heterogeneous nucleation of crystals [3].

Keywords

Bulk metallic glassy alloys Bulk metallic glasses Amorphous alloys Glass-transition Glass-forming ability Magnetic Specific heat capacity Nanocrystalline particles Supercooled liquid region Electronegativity Critical diameter Thermal stability Viscosity Cooling rate Reduced glass transition temperature Fluxing X-ray diffractometry Synchrotron radiation x-ray diffraction Transmission electron microscopy Quasicrystals Phase transformations Structural relaxation Mechanical relaxation Structural relaxation Structural rejuvenation Phase separation Crystallization Nanocrystallization Icosahedral phase Mechanical properties Fracture Deformation process Shear softening Thermal properties Crystallization temperature Enthalpy Magnetic properties Corrosion resistance Biocompatibility Applications 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.WPI Advanced Institute for Materials ResearchTohoku UniversitySendaiJapan

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