Advertisement

A Picture of Proto-System Jadal

  • Walter Edward Young
Chapter
Part of the Logic, Argumentation & Reasoning book series (LARI, volume 9)

Abstract

In this chapter, “A Picture of Proto-System Jadal,” all the findings of preceding analyses are summarized under categorical headings, placing the whole of the subject-text’s dialectical elements in contradistinction to those of the jadal-theory lens-texts surveyed in Chap.  4. These are grouped according to what is more consonant with full-system theory (7.1), and what is more unique to proto-system teaching and practice (7.2), then followed by a host of additional elements from non-sequence arguments (7.3). Ordered listings of the subject-text’s unique question and argument modes, and distinctive formulae of subsumption, extension, and objection, support several of the study’s core theses: there were, indeed, “proto-systems” of both juridical dialectic and legal theory; detailed portraits of these proto-systems emerge through lens-text analysis; and there are clear, genetic relationships between proto-systems and full-systems. Certain elements of wider historical interest are then listed (7.4), and the chapter closes with a few brief remarks on the overall character of proto-system juridical jadal (7.5).

Keywords

istidlālāt, iʿtirāḍāt, tarjīḥāt Method-naqḍ, naqḍ-dilemma manzila-subsumption, taswiya-subsumption, farq-extension tanāquḍ, mutanāqiḍ Arguments to the maʿqūl 

References

  1. Abū Yūsuf, Yaʿqūb b. Ibrāhīm. Ikhtilāf Abī Ḥanīfa wa Ibn Abī Laylā [= Shaybānī Version]. Ed. Abū al-Wafāʾ al-Afghānī. Cairo: Maṭbaʿat al-Wafā’, 1357/1939.Google Scholar
  2. Ansari, Zafar Ishaq. “Islamic Juristic Terminology Before Šāfiʿī: A Semantic Analysis with Special Reference to Kūfa.” Arabica 19:3 (1972): pp. 255–300.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. al-Bājī, Abū al-Walīd Sulaymān. Kitāb al-Minhāj fī Tartīb al-Ḥijāj (L’art de la Polémique: Édition Critique d’al-Minhāǧ de Bāǧī). Ed. ʿAbd al-Majīd Turkī. Paris: Maisonneuve et Larose, 1978.Google Scholar
  4. Coulson, N. J. A History of Islamic Law. Edinburgh: University Press, 1964.Google Scholar
  5. EI 2 = Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition. Ed. P. Bearman; Th. Bianquis; C.E. Bosworth; E. van Donzel; and W.P. Heinrichs. Brill Online, 2014 <http://referenceworks.brillonline.com/entries/encyclopaedia-of-islam-2>
  6. Hallaq, Wael. A History of Islamic Legal Theories: An Introduction to Sunnī Uṣūl al-Fiqh. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1997.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Hallaq, Wael. The Origins and Evolution of Islamic Law. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005.Google Scholar
  8. Hallaq, Wael. “A Tenth-Eleventh Century Treatise on Juridical Dialectic.” Muslim World 77 (1987): 197–228.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Hasan, Ahmad. The Early Development of Islamic Jurisprudence. Islamabad: Islamic Research Institute, 1988.Google Scholar
  10. Kamali, Mohammad Hashim. Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence. 3rd Edition. Cambridge, UK: The Islamic Texts Society, 2003.Google Scholar
  11. al-Khinn, Muṣṭafā Saʿīd. Athar al-Ikhtilāf fi’l-Qawāʿid al-Uṣūliyya fī Ikhtilāf al-Fuqahā’. Beirut: Mu’assasat al-Risāla, 1972.Google Scholar
  12. Lowry, Joseph. Early Islamic Legal Theory : the Risāla of Muḥammad ibn Idrīs al-Shāfiʿī. Leiden; Boston: Brill, 2007.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. al-Sarakhsī, Muḥammad b. Aḥmad. Kitāb al-Mabsūṭ. Ed. Muḥammad Rāḍī, et al. 30 Vols. Cairo: Maṭbaʿat al-Saʿada, 1324-1331/1906-1913.Google Scholar
  14. Schacht, Joseph. An Introduction to Islamic Law. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1964.Google Scholar
  15. Schacht, Joseph. The Origins of Muhammadan Jurisprudence. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1950.Google Scholar
  16. al-Shāfiʿī, Muḥammad b. Idrīs. Kitāb Ikhtilāf Abī Ḥanīfa wa Ibn Abī Laylā [= Umm Version]. In idem, Mawsūʿat al-Imām al-Shāfiʿī: al-Kitāb al-Umm (2nd ed.) Ed. Aḥmad Badr al-Dīn Ḥassūn. Beirut: Dār Qutayba, 2003, vol. 9, pt. 14, pp. 7–235.Google Scholar
  17. al-Shāfiʿī, Muḥammad b. Idrīs. Mawsūʿat al-Imām al-Shāfiʿī: al-Kitāb al-Umm. 2nd ed. Ed. Aḥmad Badr al-Dīn Ḥassūn. 16 Pts. in 10 Vols. Beirut: Dār Qutayba, 2003.Google Scholar
  18. Vishanoff, David R. The Formation of Islamic Hermeneutics: How Sunni Legal Theorists Imagined a Revealed Law. New Haven, Conn: American Oriental Society, 2011.Google Scholar
  19. Young, Walter Edward. “The Dialectical Forge: Proto-System Juridical Disputation in the Kitāb Ikhtilāf al-ʿIrāqiyyīn.” 2 vols. PhD diss., McGill University, 2012.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Walter Edward Young
    • 1
  1. 1.Alexander von Humboldt Kolleg for Islamicate Intellectual HistoryUniversität BonnBonnGermany

Personalised recommendations