Advertisement

Short Dialectical Sequences and Independent Dialectical Formulae

  • Walter Edward Young
Chapter
Part of the Logic, Argumentation & Reasoning book series (LARI, volume 9)

Abstract

This chapter continues the monograph’s analytical core, first analyzing the subject-text’s ten shorter sequences in the same manner as the preceding chapter, and revealing yet further dialectical elements (Sect. 6.1). It then proceeds to a survey and analysis of key dialectical formulae, with special focus on a-ra’ayta (“Have you considered…?”) and a-lā tarā (“Don’t you see, or do you not [yourself] opine…?”), drawing conclusions as to their roles with regard to certain argument types (Sect. 6.2). The chapter closes with a brief note (Sect. 6.3) on the subject-text’s argumentative material which is not overtly dialectical, but whose “surface level analysis” was still quite revealing and will appear in the following chapter.

Keywords

Short dialectical sequences ra’ā formulae: a-ra’ayta and a-lā tarā tanāquḍ, naqḍ, muʿāraḍa Reductio ad absurdum/impossibile Untenable consequence 

References

  1. al-Bājī, Abū al-Walīd Sulaymān. Kitāb al-Minhāj fī Tartīb al-Ḥijāj (L’art de la Polémique: Édition Critique d’al-Minhāǧ de Bāǧī). Ed. ʿAbd al-Majīd Turkī. Paris: Maisonneuve et Larose, 1978.Google Scholar
  2. al-Baṣrī, Abū al-Ḥusayn Muḥammad. Kitāb al-Qiyās al-Sharʿī. In idem, Kitāb al-Muʿtamad fī Uṣūl al-Fiqh. Ed. Muḥammad Ḥamīd Allāh, Muḥammad Bakīr, and Ḥasan Ḥanafī. Damascus: al-Maʿhad al-ʿIlmī al-Faransī li’l-Dirāsāt al-ʿArabiyya bi-Dimashq, 1964–1965, vol. 2, pp. 1029–1050.Google Scholar
  3. al-Baṣrī, Abū al-Ḥusayn Muḥammad. Kitāb al-Qiyās al-Sharʿī. In idem, al-Muʿtamad fī Uṣūl al-Fiqh. Ed. Khalīl al-Mays. Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-ʿIlmiyya, 1983, vol. 2, pp. 443–62.Google Scholar
  4. DJP = Ibn Rushd. The Distinguished Jurist’s Primer [= Bidāyat al-Mujtahid wa Nihāyat al-Muqtaṣid]. 2 vols. Trans. Imran Ahsan Khan Nyazee. Rev. Mohammad Abdul Rauf. Reading, UK: Centre for Muslim Contribution to Civilization: Garnet, 1994–1996.Google Scholar
  5. EI 2 = Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition. Ed. P. Bearman; Th. Bianquis; C.E. Bosworth; E. van Donzel; and W.P. Heinrichs. Brill Online, 2014 <http://referenceworks.brillonline.com/entries/encyclopaedia-of-islam-2>
  6. Hallaq, Wael. A History of Islamic Legal Theories: An Introduction to Sunnī Uṣūl al-Fiqh. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1997.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Hallaq, Wael. The Impossible State : Islam, Politics, and Modernity’s Moral Predicament. New York: Columbia University Press, 2013.Google Scholar
  8. Hallaq, Wael. Sharīʿa: Theory, Practice, Transformations. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 2009.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Hallaq, Wael. “A Tenth-Eleventh Century Treatise on Juridical Dialectic.” Muslim World 77 (1987): 197–228.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Ibn ʿAqīl, Abū al-Wafā’ ʿAlī. Kitāb al-Jadal ʿalā Ṭarīqat al-Fuqahā’ (Le Livre de la Dialectique d’Ibn ʿAqīl). Ed. George Makdisi. Bulletin d’Études Orientale 20 (1967): 119–206.Google Scholar
  11. Ibn ʿAqīl, Abū al-Wafā’ ʿAlī. Kitāb al-Jadal ʿalā Ṭarīqat al-Fuqahā’. Al-Ẓāhir [Cairo]: Maktabat al-Thaqāfa al-Dīniyya, 1980. [An unattributed reproduction of George Makdisi, ed., Le Livre de la Dialectique d’Ibn ʿAqīl, minus his introduction and critical apparatus].Google Scholar
  12. Ibn Ḥajar al-ʿAsqalānī. Fī Manāqib al-Imām al-Shāfiʿī: Tawālī al-Ta’sīs li-Maʿālī Muḥammad b. Idrīs. Ed. Abū al-Fidā’ ʿAbd Allāh al-Qāḍī. Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-ʻIlmiyya, 1986.Google Scholar
  13. Ibn al-Nadīm, Abū al-Faraj Muḥammad. Al-Fihrist. Ed. Yūsuf ʿAlī Ṭawīl. Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-ʿIlmiyya, 1996.Google Scholar
  14. Lane, Edward William. An Arabic-English Lexicon. 8 vols. Beirut: Librarie du Liban, 1968.Google Scholar
  15. Lowry, Joseph. “The Legal Hermeneutics of al-Shāfiʿī and Ibn Qutayba: A Reconsideration.” Islamic Law and Society 11:1 (2004), pp. 1–41.Google Scholar
  16. MF = al-Mawsūʿa al-Fiqhiyya. 45 Vols. Kuwait: Wizārat al-Awqāf wa’l-Shu’ūn al-Islāmiyya, 1990.Google Scholar
  17. Sānū, Quṭb Muṣṭafā. Muʿjam Muṣṭalaḥāt Uṣūl al-Fiqh, ʿArabī-Inkilīzī. Beirut: Dār al-Fikr al-Muʿāṣir, 2000.Google Scholar
  18. al-Sarakhsī, Muḥammad b. Aḥmad. Kitāb al-Mabsūṭ. Ed. Muḥammad Rāḍī, et al. 30 Vols. Cairo: Maṭbaʿat al-Saʿada, 1324-1331/1906-1913.Google Scholar
  19. Schacht, Joseph. The Origins of Muhammadan Jurisprudence. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1950.Google Scholar
  20. al-Shāfiʿī, Muḥammad b. Idrīs. Kitāb al-Umm.Google Scholar
  21. •ʿAbd al-Muṭṭalib = Al-Umm. 11 Pts. in 11 Vols. Ed. Rifʿat Fawzī ʿAbd al-Muṭṭalib. al-Manṣūra: Dār al-Wafā’ li’l-Ṭibāʿa wa’l-Nashr wa’l-Tawzīʿ, 2001.Google Scholar
  22. •Ḥassūn = Mawsūʿat al-Imām al-Shāfiʿī: al-Kitāb al-Umm. 2nd ed. Ed. Aḥmad Badr al-Dīn Ḥassūn. 16 Pts. in 10 Vols. Beirut: Dār Qutayba, 2003.Google Scholar
  23. al-Shāfiʿī, Muḥammad b. Idrīs. The Epistle on Legal Theory [= al-Risāla]. Ed. and trans. Joseph E. Lowry. New York: New York University Press, 2013.Google Scholar
  24. al-Shāfiʿī, Muḥammad b. Idrīs. Al-Risāla. Ed. Aḥmad Muḥammad Shākir. Cairo: Maṭbaʿat Muṣṭafā al-Bābī al-Ḥalabī, 1940.Google Scholar
  25. al-Shīrāzī, Abū Isḥāq Ibrāhīm. Kitāb al-Maʿūna fi’l-Jadal. Ed. ʿAbd al-Majīd Turkī. Beirut: Dār al-Gharb al-Islāmī, 1988.Google Scholar
  26. al-Shīrāzī, Abū Isḥāq Ibrāhīm. Al-Maʿūna fi’l-Jadal. Ed. ʿAlī b. ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz al-ʿUmayrīnī. Al-Ṣafāh, Kuwait: Manshūrāt Markaz al-Makhṭūṭāt wa’l-Turāth, 1987.Google Scholar
  27. Wright, W. Arabic Grammar [Translated from the German of Caspari and Edited with Numerous Additions and Corrections by W. Wright]. Revised 3rd ed. by W. Robertson Smith and M.J. de Goeje. 2 vols. in 1. Mineola, N.Y.: Dover, 2005 [originally published: Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1896–1898, in 2 vols.]Google Scholar
  28. Young, Walter Edward. “The Dialectical Forge: Proto-System Juridical Disputation in the Kitāb Ikhtilāf al-ʿIrāqiyyīn.” 2 vols. PhD diss., McGill University, 2012.Google Scholar
  29. Young, Walter Edward. “Have You Considered (A-ra’ayta)? Don’t You See/Opine (A-lā Tarā)? A Working Typology of Ra’ā Formulae in Early Islamic Juridical Disputation.” [In: Y. Papadogiannakis and B. Roggema (eds.), Patterns of Argumentation and Exchange of Ideas in Late Antiquity and Early Islam, (forthcoming).]Google Scholar
  30. Zysow, Aron. The Economy of Certainty: An Introduction to the Typology of Islamic Legal Theory. PhD diss., Harvard University, 1984.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Walter Edward Young
    • 1
  1. 1.Alexander von Humboldt Kolleg for Islamicate Intellectual HistoryUniversität BonnBonnGermany

Personalised recommendations