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Drug Delivery Implants

  • Vinod Kumar Khanna
Chapter

Abstract

Implantable drug delivery devices, nondegradable reservoir or biodegradable types, have shown great prospects. These devices have revealed ostensible possibilities of advancement in several applications demanding onerous efforts in controlled and precise, highly localized liberation of decisive doses of drugs with fewer side effects and without direct medical intervention. Actively controlled devices are more propitious than passive release devices. This greater potentiality of active devices is because the drug delivery process can be controlled postimplantation and even by telemetry, involving automatic measurements and telecommunication. Dissenting from passive devices, they do not rely on the chemistry of degradation of specific materials in the premeditated region of implant. Numerous implantable drug delivery devices have been reconnoitered for use in chronic and terminal diseases. Diabetes, osteoporosis, and cancer are a few such examples.

Keywords

Drug delivery Oral/nasal/pulmonary/transdermal/intravenous/intramuscular drug delivery IDDS Zero-order controlled release Sterilization Biodegradation Immunoisolating capsule Microreservoir Micropump Osmotic pump MEMS Piezoelectric pump 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vinod Kumar Khanna
    • 1
  1. 1.CSIR-Central Electronics Engineering Research InstitutePilaniIndia

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