Advertisement

Permian – Triassic Metallogeny

  • Trong-Hoa Tran
  • Gleb V. Polyakov
  • Tuan-Anh Tran
  • Alexander S. Borisenko
  • Andrey E. Izokh
  • Pavel A. Balykin
  • Thi-Phuong Ngo
  • Thi-Dung Pham
Chapter
Part of the Modern Approaches in Solid Earth Sciences book series (MASE, volume 11)

Abstract

Three mineralization complexes were formed during the Permian – Triassic period in the following order: PGE-Cu-Ni and V-Ti – Fe of magmatic origin; Au – sulfide and Sn – sulfide. The first ore complex including magma-origin Cu-Ni-(Pt) mineralization is related to ultramafic - mafic magmatic differentiation in structures of Song Da, Song Hien rifts (such as Ban Phuc, Ban Khoa, Suoi Cun blocks, etc.) as well as being connected to layered gabbro – peridotite intrusions in folded structures surrounding the Song Chay anticlinoria (such as Nui Chua and Khao Que blocks). Cu-Ni-(PGE)-type mineralization is found in Ta Khoa – and Suoi Cun-type mafic – ultramafic, while Ti-Fe-(V) (mainly) ore type and Cu-Ni-(PGE) are characterized for Nui Chua-type ultramafic intrusion. Radiometric age determined for Ta Khoa ultramafic magmas is 257–270 Ma, for Suoi Cun is 260 Ma and for Nui Chua mafic magmas is 251 Ma; the ages are also applied for the related ore formation, implying that the mineralization of Cu-Ni-(PGE) and Ti-Fe-(V) in geological structures in northern Vietnam was associated with Permian – Triassic tectono-magmatic period. Besides, associated with Cu-Ni-(PGE) ore type is highly potential Ni-Co-As hydrothermal mineralization (discovered in inner contact zones in Ban Phuc block within the Song Da structure). Au-sulfur-type ore complex is widely developed in various structures in northern Vietnam; Representatives of Sn-sulfur-type ore complex are located to the southern margin of Song Hien rift and Lo Gam belt.

Keywords

Natural Gold Platinum Group Mineral Sulfide Liquid Sulfide System Isomorphic Replacement 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Arndt NT, Nisbet EG (1982) Komatiites. George Allen & Unwin, London, 526 pGoogle Scholar
  2. Barnes S-J, Couture J-F, Sawyer EW, Bouchaib C (1993) Nickelcopper sulfide occurrences in Belleterre-Angliers belt of the Pontiac subprovince and the use of Cu/Pd ratios in interpreting platinum group element distributions. Econ Geol 88:1402–1418CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Dinh Huu Minh (2003) Geological structure and mineralization characteristics of Cu-Ni Ban Phuc Mine, Son La. Ph.D thesis, National Library of Vietnam, HaNoiGoogle Scholar
  4. Fang Hua, Yao Jiadong, He Daqui, Jiang Qinsheng (1985) The significance of deep-seated magmatic differentiation in the rock– and ore-forming processes of copper-nickel sulfide deposits – examplited by the Limahe copper-nickel sulfide deposit of Sichuan Province. Acta Geol Sin 2:141–154Google Scholar
  5. Furuseth S, Selte K, Kyekshus A (1967) The solid solubility and structural properties of PdAs2-xSbx, PtP2-xAsx, PtP2-xSbx, PtP2-xBix, PtAs2-xSbx, Pd1-mPtmAs2, Pd1-mPtmSb2, Pd1-mAumSb2 and Pt1-mAumSb2. Acta Chem Scand 21:527–536CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Gervilla F, Jeblanc M, Torres-Ruiz J, Hach-Ali PF (1996) Immiscibility between arsenide and sulfide melts: a mechanism for the concentration of noble metals. Canad Miner 34:485–502Google Scholar
  7. Glotov AI, Polyakov GV, Tran Trong Hoa et al (2001) The Ban Phuc Ni-Cu-PGE deposit related to the phanerozoic komatiite-basalt association in the Song Da rift Northwestern Vietnam. Can Mineral 39:573–589CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Glotov AI, Krivenko AP, Polyakov GV et al (2002) Petrology of the Kuolotong sulfide copper-nickel deposit in northwestern China. Russ Geol Geophys 41(11):936–948Google Scholar
  9. Glotov AI, Polyakov GV, Tran Trong Hoa (2004) The late Permian Cao Bang PGE-Cu-Ni-bearing complex og the Song Hien structure, Northeastern Viet Nam. J Geol Ser B 23:89–98Google Scholar
  10. Hoang HuuThanh (1994) Mesozoic peridotite-gabbro massifs in the North Vietnam. PhD thesis, United Institute of Geology, Geophysics and Mineralogy, SB RAS, Novosibirsk, 48 ppGoogle Scholar
  11. Hudson DR, Robinson BW, Vigers BW (1978) Zoned michenerite-testibiopalladite from Kambalda, Western Australia. Canad Miner 16:121–126Google Scholar
  12. Klemm DD (1965) Synthesen and Analysen in den Dreieckdiagrammen FeAsS-CoAsS-NiAsS und FeS20CoS2-NiS2. Neues Jb Mineral Abh 103:205–255Google Scholar
  13. Kosyakov VI, Sinyakova EF, Shestakov VA (2003) Depend of sulphur-fugacity on composition of phase associations of the Fe-FeS-NiS-Ni system in 873 K. Geochemistry 7:730–740 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  14. Li C, Barnes SJ, Makovicky M (1996) Partition of Ni, Cu, Ir, Rh, Pt and Pd between monosulfide solid solution and sulfide liquid: effects of composition and temperature. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 60:1231–1238CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Ngo Thi Phuong (1994) Permo-Triassic high-magnesium volcano-plutonic associations in the Song Da structure. PhD dissertation, Thesis, Institute of Geology and Mineralogy, SB RAS, Novosibirsk, 24 ppGoogle Scholar
  16. Ngo Thi Phuong, Tran Trong Hoa, Hoang Huu Thanh, Tran Quoc Hung, Vu Van Van, Bui An Nien, Tran Tuan Anh, Hoang Viet Hang, Phan Luu Anh, Tran Viet Anh (2000) Platinum mineral group in mafic – ultramafic mafic in the Song Da belt. J Geol 260:10–19 (in Vietnamese with English abstract)Google Scholar
  17. Ngo Thi Phuong, Tran Trong Hoa, Tran Tuan Anh (2001) Petro-minerallogical characteristics of the P2-T1 basalts-komatiite association in the Ta Khoa anticline, Song Da Zone (NW Vietnam). J Geol Ser B 17–18:10–19Google Scholar
  18. Nguyen Dac Lu, Iu PV, Rokov AN (2005) Research of gas – liquid inclusions in Cu-Au ore in the Viet Nam area, Song Da structure. J Geol 289(7–8):36–42 (in Vietnamese with English abstract)Google Scholar
  19. Polyakov GV, Nguyen Trong Yem, Balykin PA, Tran Trong Hoa, Hoang Huu Thanh, Tran Quoc Hung, Ngo Thi Phuong, Petrova TE, Vu Van Van (1996) Permian – Triassic mafic and ultramafic formations in northern Viet Nam. Science and Technology Publ, Hanoi, p 172 (in Vietnamese)Google Scholar
  20. Polyakov GV, Tran Trong Hoa, Akimsev VA, Balykin PA, Ngo Thi Phuong, Hoang Huu Thanh, Tran Quoc Hung, Bui An Nien, Tolstyk ND, Glotov AI, Petrova TE, Vu Van Van (1999) Ore-geochemical specialization of the permo-triassic ultramafic-mafic complexes in North Vietnam. Geol Geophys 10(40):1474–1497 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  21. She Chuan-jing (1986) A preliminary study on the metallogenic model of magmatic copper nickel sulfide ores in China. Metallogeny of basic and ultrabasic rocks. Regional presentafims, pp 325–358Google Scholar
  22. Tarkian M, Stumpfl EF (1975) Platinum mineralogy of the Driekop mine South Africa. Miner Deposita 10:71–85CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Tran Trong Hoa (ed) (1995) Study of Mesozoic – Cenozoic magmatism and its mineralization potential. Final report for National project KT- 01–04 (1992–1995). Archives of the National Agency for Science and Technology Information, Hanoi (in Vietnamese)Google Scholar
  24. Tran Van Tri (ed) (2000) Mineral resources of Viet Nam. Dept. of Geology and Minerals of Viet Nam Publication, 214 p. Hanoi (in Vietnamese)Google Scholar
  25. Tran Trong Hoa (2007) Intraplate magmatism in North Vietnam and related metallogeny. Dissertation of Dr. of Science. Institute of Geology and Mineralogy, Siberian Branch, RAS, Novosibirsk, 382 pGoogle Scholar
  26. Tran Duc Luong, Nguyen Xuan Bao (eds) (1989) Geological map of Vietnam, at scale 1: 500,000. General Department of Geology and Minerals of Vietnam, HanoiGoogle Scholar
  27. Tran Trong Hoa, Petrov VG, Hoang Huu Thanh, Ngo Thi Phuong, Vu Van Van, Tran Quoc Hung, Bui An Nien, Tran Tuan Anh, Hoang Viet Hang, Le Thi Nghinh, Phan Đong Pha (1996) Investigation and evaluation of gold resource of Cao Bang province. Report of basic study of natural resources and environment. Archives of the Institute of Geological Sciences, Hanoi (in Vietnamese)Google Scholar
  28. Tran Trong Hoa, Hoang Huu Thanh, Tran Tuan Anh, Ngo Thi Phuong, Hoang Viet Hang (1998) High-Ti basaltoidic formations in the Song Da rift zone: chemical compositions and geodynamic conditions of magma genesis. J Geol Ser A 244:7–15 (in Vietnamese)Google Scholar
  29. Tran Trong Hoa, Hoang Huu Thanh, Ngo Thi Phuong, Tran Tuan Anh, Hoang Viet Hang (1999) Potassic alkaline magmas in northwestern Viet Nam: indications of late Paleogene intraplate extension. J Geol Ser A 250(1–2):7–14 (in Vietnamese with English abstract)Google Scholar
  30. Tran Trong Hoa, Tran Tuan Anh, Ngo Thi Phuong, Pham Thi Dung, Tran Viet Anh (2005) Permian – Triassic magmatic activities in Viet Nam and prospect of associated rare and precious metal (Pt, Au) mineralization. In: Proceedings of the 60-anniversary of geology of Viet Nam, Publication by Department of Geology and Minerals of Vietnam, Hanoi, pp 63–79 (in Vietnamese)Google Scholar
  31. Tran Trong Hoa, Borisenko AS, Ngo Thi Phuong, Izokh AE, Tran Tuan Anh, Hoang Huu Thanh, Vu Van Van, Bui An Nien, Hoang Viet Hang, Tran Hong Lam (2006) Study and definition of new Au – mine type (Au-Sb-Hg) related to magmatic activities in northern Viet Nam. Final report to International collaboration sponsored by Viet Nam Academy of Science and Technology (2005–2006). Archives of the Institute of Geological Sciences, 51 p Hanoi (in Vietnamese)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Trong-Hoa Tran
    • 1
  • Gleb V. Polyakov
    • 2
  • Tuan-Anh Tran
    • 1
  • Alexander S. Borisenko
    • 2
  • Andrey E. Izokh
    • 2
  • Pavel A. Balykin
  • Thi-Phuong Ngo
    • 1
  • Thi-Dung Pham
    • 1
  1. 1.Vietnam Academy of Science and TechnologyInstitute of Geological SciencesHanoiVietnam
  2. 2.Russian Academy of ScienceInstitute of Geology and MineralogyNovosibirskRussia

Personalised recommendations