The Concept of “Peer Reviewing”
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This chapter presents an overview of what peer reviewing is about. The role, function, and importance of peer reviewing in science are succinctly described. The apparent advantages of the peer reviewing process and its main flaws are presented. In addition, novel trends that improve the current practice of peer reviewing are sketched. After having read this chapter, a reader should be familiar with the purpose of peer reviewing, be able to understand its current functioning, assess its strengths and weaknesses, as well as reflect on recent attempts to enhance the process.