Proposal of on-Line Key Management System Solutions for Railway Applications Based on Asymmetric Cryptography

  • Mária FranekováEmail author
  • Peter Lüley
  • Karol Rástočný
  • Juraj Ždánsky
Conference paper
Part of the Communications in Computer and Information Science book series (CCIS, volume 531)


This article is devoted to the transmission of safety-related messages via open transmission system in application with ETCS (European Train Control System) system Level - L2 using cryptographic protocol Euroradio. Authors in this article describe conceptual proposal of on-line key management system managing the keys of all entities included in communication in the range of domains in safe manner. Proposed KMS (Key Management System) assumes the use of asymmetric cryptography. In practical part are analyzed ideological solutions of the use of public keys within the communication of ETCS system entities in two neighboring domains. Generated keys of proposed KMS hierarchical architecture were simulated for the ECC (Elliptic Curve Cryptography) algorithm, specifically for Koblitz curves in the software tool Cryptool.


Safety-related system European Train Control System Key management system Identification Asymmetric cryptography ECC Simulation 



This work has been supported by the Educational Grant Agency of the Slovak Republic (KEGA) Number: 008ŽU-4/2015: Innovation of HW and SW tools and methods of laboratory education focused on safety aspects of ICT within safety critical applications of processes control.


  1. 1.
    Mikulski, J.: Telematic technologies in transportation. In: Janecki, R., Sierpiński, G. (eds.) Contemporary Transportation Systems. Selected Theoretical and Practical Problems. New Culture of mobility, pp. 131–143. Publishing House of the Silesian University of Technology. Monograph no. 324, Gliwice (2011)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Franeková, M., Rástočný, K., Janota, A., Chrtiansky, P.: Safety analysis of cryptography mechanisms used in GSM for railway. In: International Journal of Engineering: Annals of Faculty Engineering Hunedoara. Romania. Tome III, ISSN 1584-2665 (2011)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    EN 50159: Railway applications: Communication, signalling, andprocessing systems. Safety-related communication in closed and open transmission systems, CENELEC (2010)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Zahradník, J., Rástočný, K.: Safety of railway interlocking systems. In: Slovak, EDIS, ISBN 80-8070-546-1, Žilina (2006)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Franeková, M., et al.: Safety communication of industrial networks. Monograph. In: Slovak, EDIS - ŽU Žilina, ISBN 978-80-8070-715-6 (2007)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
  7. 7.
    UNISIG Subset 038 v2.1.9. Off line key management FIS (2005)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    UNISIG Subset-037 v2.3.0: Euroradio FIS (2005)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Franeková, M., Voštenák, M.: Proposal of key management system for ETCSLevel 2. In: Scientific International Journal Mechanics, Transport, Communications, Sofia, Bulgaria. Issue 2/2010. UK 7.1-Uk.7.7. ISSN 1312-3823 (2010)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    ANSI X9.52: Triple Data Encryption Algorithm Modes of Operation (1998)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    FIPS 186-3: Digital Signature Standard (2012)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Voštenák, M.: Key management for ETCS system. Diploma work, University of Žilina (2010)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Sachin, M., Kumar, D.: Implementation and analysis of AES, DES and Triple DES on GSM Network. IJCSNS Int. J. Comput. Sci. Netw. Secur. 10(1), 298–303 (2010)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Gallo, P.: Enhanced authentication mechanisms based on elliptic curves, Ph.D. work, TU Košice, Slovakia. In: English (2014)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Mikulski, J.: Analiza zagrożeń pól magnetycznych w transporcie, Logistyka nr 3, 2009 (2009) CD-ROMGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mária Franeková
    • 1
    Email author
  • Peter Lüley
    • 1
  • Karol Rástočný
    • 1
  • Juraj Ždánsky
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Department of Control and Information SystemsUniversity of ŽilinaŽilinaSlovak Republic

Personalised recommendations