Changing Fortunes: Mexico and Mexican–US Migration

  • Francisco AlbaEmail author
Part of the Immigrants and Minorities, Politics and Policy book series (IMPP)


The purpose of the chapter is to review Mexico’s responses to out-migration from Mexico—traditionally destined for the USA—since the early 1940s. The term “changing fortunes” alludes to the successes and failures of past Mexican responses to Mexico–US migration. By doing so, the chapter hopes to shed some light on current dilemmas in migration management. From today’s vantage point, Mexico’s responses to migration constitute a mixed record, sometimes successful but at other times disappointing. Although the review focuses on Mexico, US responses are touched upon as well. The first part briefly covers the period from the “Bracero Programs” to the enactment of IRCA (from 1942 to the 1980s). The second section reviews a period that experienced important episodes of bilateral cooperation in migration management, including its most salient episodes, the North American Free Trade Agreement (starting in 1994) and the bilateral migration negotiations in 2001 (which ended abruptly and almost immediately after the events of September 11). The third part reviews the main responses and positions adopted in the post-9/11 era. The chapter concludes by considering ways to encourage Mexico and the USA to explore novel and innovative approaches to deal with and manage this phenomenon.


Migrant Worker Migration Issue North American Free Trade Agreement Border Control Mexican Migration 
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CEDUA, El Colegio de MéxicoMéxicoMexico

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