Advertisement

Peruvian Highland Indigenous Sheepherders in the USA: A Case Study

  • Teofilo Altamirano
Chapter
  • 410 Downloads
Part of the Immigrants and Minorities, Politics and Policy book series (IMPP)

Abstract

The chapter links indigenous international migration from the Peruvian Andes, the process of social and cultural adaptation of shepherds working in the American west, and the financial and familial effects of migration in Peru. This migration is not new, as the first migrants arrived in 1971. While their adaptation was relatively easy in the first three decades, conflicts later emerged between the owners of ranges and workers. One reason was the slow economic growth of the range industry, partly due to reduced demand for wool, which was increasingly replaced by silk and chemical cloth from China, Central America, and South America. The supply of labor also became greater than the demand in several ranges. Labor disputes about salary and the living conditions of shepherds also became common, and migrant shepherds typically endure isolation and social exclusion. In addition, family disintegration became a problem, as women in Peru were not allowed to become migrant workers and join their spouses. Nevertheless, remittances are an important benefit of migration, as they increase family income.

Keywords

Migrant Worker Return Migration Illegal Immigrant Political Violence Home Community 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Altamirano, Teofilo. 2000. Liderazgo y Organizaciones de Peruanos en el Exterior: Culturas Transnacionales e Imaginarios sobre el Desarrollo. Lima: Fondo Editorial de la Pontificia Universidad Católica del Peru.Google Scholar
  2. ———. 2006a. Remesas y Nueva “Fuga” de Cerebros. Impactos Transnacionales. Lima: Fondo Editorial Pontificia Universidad Católica del Peru.Google Scholar
  3. ———. 2006b. Migration and Wellbeing in a Peruvian Corridor. Draft report submitted for publication to the ESRC project on Wellbeing and Quality of Life in Third World Countries.Google Scholar
  4. De la Garza, Rodolfo. 2002. Sending money home: Hispanic remittances and community development. New York: Rowman and Littlefield Publishers, Inc.Google Scholar
  5. García Zamora, Rodolfo. 2003. Migracion, Remesas y Desarrollo Local. Zacatecas: Universidad Autónoma de Zacatecas.Google Scholar
  6. Leon, Pericles. 2001. Peruvian sheepherders in the Western United States: Will they replace the Basques as the dominant ethnic group in the sheep industry? Nevada: Historical Society Quarterly 44(2): 147–165.Google Scholar
  7. Organización Internacional Para la Migraciones. 2012. Perfil Migratorio del Perù 2012. Primera edición, Octubre de 2012. Lima, Perú. http://www.iom.int/files/live/sites/iom/files/pbn/docs/Perfil_Migratorio_Peru_2012.pdf
  8. Paerregaard, Karsten. 1987. Nuevas Organizaciones En Comunidades Campesinas: El Caso De Usibamba Y Chaquicocha. Lima: Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, Fondo Editorial.Google Scholar
  9. Remesas y Nueva Fuga de Cerebros: Impactos Transnacionales.Google Scholar
  10. ———. 2005. Contra Viento y Marea: Redes y Conflictos entre Ovejeros Peruanos en Estados Unidos. In El Qinto Suyo: Transnacionalidad y Formaciones Diasporicas en la Migración Peruana, ed. Berg Ulla Dalum and Paerregaard Karsten, 97–124. Lima: Instituto de Estudios Peruanos.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Teofilo Altamirano
    • 1
  1. 1.Univ. of Texas at AustinAustinUSA

Personalised recommendations