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Insect Biotechnology

  • Anthony O. Ejiofor
Chapter
Part of the Entomology in Focus book series (ENFO, volume 4)

Abstract

For the purpose of this work, insect biotechnology, which is also known as yellow biotechnology, is the use of insects as well as insect-derived cells or molecules in medical (red biotechnology), agricultural (green biotechnology), and industrial (white) biotechnology. It is based on the application of biotechnological techniques on insects or their cells to develop products or services for human use. Such products are then applied in agriculture, medicine, and industrial biotechnology. Insect biotechnology has proven to be a useful resource in diverse industries, especially for the production of industrial enzymes including chitinases and cellulases, pharmaceuticals, microbial insecticides, insect genes, and many other substances. Insect cells (ICs), and particularly lepidopteran cells, constitute a competitive strategy to mammalian cells for the manufacturing of biotechnology products. Among the wide range of methods and expression hosts available for the production of biotech products, ICs are ideal for the production of complex proteins requiring extensive posttranslational modification. The progress so far made in insect biotechnology essentially derives from scientific breakthroughs in molecular biology, especially with the advances in techniques that allow genetic manipulation of organisms and cells. Insect biotechnology has grown tremendously in the last 30 years.

Keywords

Enhance Green Fluorescent Protein Insect Cell Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Sf21 Cell Genetically Modify Crop 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Abbreviations

AAV

Adeno-associated virus

AcMNPV

Autographa californica multinuclear polyhedrosis virus

Bt

Bacillus thuringiensis

BV

Baculovirus

Cry

Crystal protein

EGFP

Enhanced green fluorescent protein

FXR

Farnesoid X-activated receptor

GFP

Green fluorescent protein

GM

Genetically modified

HR

Herbicide resistant

BEV

Baculovirus expression vector

IC-BEVS

Insect cell baculovirus expression vector system

IC

Insect cell

IR

Insect resistant

LXR

Liver X receptor

LV

Lentivirus

MOI

Multiplicity of infection

MRSA

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus

NPV

Nucleopolyhedrosis virus

rAAV

Recombinant adeno-associated virus

rTRAIL

Recombinant TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand

rBV

Recombinant baculovirus

VEGF

Vascular endothelial growth factor

VLP

Viruslike particle

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biological Sciences, College of Agriculture, Human and Natural SciencesTennessee State UniversityNashvilleUSA

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