Genetic Technology and Food Security: Country Report – Norway
The Norwegian Gene Technology Act stands out by specifying five concerns. It requires that the gene technology shall not be harmful for human health and the environment, but additionally that deliberate release of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) shall be of benefit to society, ethically justifiable and socially acceptable, and is likely to promote sustainable development. As a member of the European Economic Area (EEA), Norway is in general bound to implement EU directives, but according to EEA Agreement Annex XX (Environment), Article 25.d(c) Norway can apply national legislation relating to GMOs for other concerns than health and environment. The restrictive approach implies that until 2015 no GMOs have been accepted in Norway, but assessments of EU-approved GMOs are under way. While human rights is neither specified in the Gene Technology Act or the Food Act, nor in the constitution, Norway’s general policies confirms the right to food.