Skip to main content

Witnesses for the Doctor in the Loop

  • Conference paper
  • First Online:
Brain Informatics and Health (BIH 2015)

Part of the book series: Lecture Notes in Computer Science ((LNAI,volume 9250))

Included in the following conference series:


The “doctor in the loop” is a new paradigm in information driven medicine, picturing the doctor as authority inside a loop supplying an expert system with information on actual patients, treatment results and possible additional (side-)effects, as well as general information in order to enhance data driven medical science, as well as giving back treatment advice to the doctor himself. While this approach offers several positive aspects related to P4 medicine (personal, predictive, preventive and participatory), it also relies heavily on the authenticity of the data and increases the reliance on the security of databases, as well as on the correctness of machine learning algorithms. In this paper we propose a solution in order to protect the doctor in the loop against responsibility derived from manipulated data, thus enabling this new paradigm to gain acceptance in the medical community.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this chapter

USD 29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
USD 39.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
Softcover Book
USD 54.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Compact, lightweight edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info

Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout

Purchases are for personal use only

Institutional subscriptions


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Smith, S.W.: Humans in the loop: Human-computer interaction and security. IEEE Security & Privacy, 1, 75–79 (2003)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Lupiana, D.: Development of a framework to leverage knowledge management systems to improve security awareness (2008)

    Google Scholar 

  3. Clark, S., Goodspeed, T., Metzger, P., Wasserman, Z., Xu, K., Blaze, M.: Why (special agent) johnny (still) can’t encrypt: A security analysis of the apco project 25 two-way radio system. In: USENIX Security Symposium, Citeseer (2011)

    Google Scholar 

  4. Kieseberg, P., Hobel, H., Schrittwieser, S., Weippl, E., Holzinger, A.: Protecting Anonymity in Data-Driven Biomedical Science. In: Holzinger, A., Jurisica, I. (eds.) Interactive Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining in Biomedical Informatics. LNCS, vol. 8401, pp. 301–316. Springer, Heidelberg (2014)

    Google Scholar 

  5. Randeree, E.: Secure health knowledge: Balancing security, privacy and access. In: AMCIS 2005 Proceedings, 287 (2005)

    Google Scholar 

  6. Warkentin, M., Johnston, A., Adams, A.: User interaction with healthcare information systems: Do healthcare professionals want to comply with hipaa? AMCIS 2006 Proceedings, 326 (2006)

    Google Scholar 

  7. Frühwirt, P., Kieseberg, P., Krombholz, K., Weippl, E.: Towards a forensic-aware database solution: Using a secured database replication protocol and transaction management for digital investigations. Digital Investigation 11, 336–348 (2014)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Hobel, H., Schrittwieser, S., Kieseberg, P., Weippl, E.: (Anonymity and pseudonymity in data-driven science)

    Google Scholar 

  9. Heurix, J., Zimmermann, P., Neubauer, T., Fenz, S.: A taxonomy for privacy enhancing technologies. Computers & Security (2015)

    Google Scholar 

  10. Fruehwirt, P., Kieseberg, P., Schrittwieser, S., Huber, M., Weippl, E.: Innodb database forensics: Reconstructing data manipulation queries from redo logs. In: The Fifth International Workshop on Digital Forensics (WSDF) (2012)

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Peter Kieseberg .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

Copyright information

© 2015 Springer International Publishing Switzerland

About this paper

Cite this paper

Kieseberg, P., Schantl, J., Frühwirt, P., Weippl, E., Holzinger, A. (2015). Witnesses for the Doctor in the Loop. In: Guo, Y., Friston, K., Aldo, F., Hill, S., Peng, H. (eds) Brain Informatics and Health. BIH 2015. Lecture Notes in Computer Science(), vol 9250. Springer, Cham.

Download citation

  • DOI:

  • Published:

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Cham

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-319-23343-7

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-319-23344-4

  • eBook Packages: Computer ScienceComputer Science (R0)

Publish with us

Policies and ethics