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Changes in the Relationship Between Borders and Pastoral Mobility in Mountain Regions of Central Asia

  • Andrei Dörre
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Asian Human-Environmental Research book series (AAHER)

Abstract

For centuries, animal husbandry in Central Asian mountain regions has been characterised by seasonal mobility over considerable distances, bridging remarkable elevation differences and commuting between precolonial states and domains. During the Russian colonial rule and the socialist period, pastoral movements across the borders of the newly created colonial administrative units and the Soviet Republics were also not uncommon. In the course of the establishment of independent states in 1991, a break occurred that strongly restricted the transboundary mobility practices. Using examples from the Fergana Region, this chapter reconstructs historical demarcation patterns and the underlying interests of those in charge who advocated changes while also looking at the effects of those changes on mobility practices of the affected livestock owners. Finally, the paper compares the current border regimes and those from the historical examples and links to related socioecological challenges, which can represent serious threats to the fragile integrity of Central Asia’s post-Soviet societies.

Keywords

Pastoralism Socioecological challenges Fergana Colonialism Planned economy Post-Soviet Central Asia 

Interview Partners

  1. AA (2007) A. Aksakalov, Former shepherd of the kolkhoz “F. Engels” (Bazar Korgon District). Interviewed 28 May 2008Google Scholar
  2. AN (2008) A. Nozhiev, Former director of the kolkhoz “60 Years of October” (Bazar Korgon District), Interviewed 10 Oct 2008Google Scholar
  3. ChO (2008) Ch. Olokbaev, Former livestock technician of the kolkhoz “22. Party Congress” (Bazar Korgon District). 21 Oct 2008Google Scholar
  4. NS (2008) N. Sadykov, Former livestock technician of the kolkhoz “F. Engels” (Bazar Korgon District). Interviewed 17 Oct 2008Google Scholar
  5. TM (2008) T. Myndykov, Former shepherd of the kolkhoz “60 Years of October” (Bazar Korgon District). Interviewed 11 Oct 2008Google Scholar

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Earth Sciences, Institute of Geographical Sciences, Centre for Development StudiesFreie UniversitaetBerlinGermany

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