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External Support and Local Agency: Uncertain Transformations of Livelihoods in the Pamirian Borderland of Tajikistan

  • Tobias Kraudzun
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Asian Human-Environmental Research book series (AAHER)

Abstract

Russian and Soviet (geo-)political interests rendered the Pamirs as a borderland place. This persisting functional perspective framed the people’s experiences and development agency towards the region. This chapter exemplifies how realities of the Soviet economic system’s breakdown, persisting border institutions, as well as external humanitarian relief and development projects influenced individual decisions of people during the transition period. It argues that persisting local narratives about a region dependent on external support combined with uncertainty about economic frame conditions shape peoples’ decisions about coping and adaptation strategies and constrain their livelihood trajectories.

Keywords

Post-socialist transformation Geopolitics Closed borders Livelihood trajectories Humanitarian relief 

Notes

Acknowledgement

The author is grateful to the Volkswagen Foundation that made the empirical research in the Pamirs possible by funding the research projects ‘Transformation Processes in the Eastern Pamirs of Tajikistan. Changing Land Use Practices, Possible Ecological Degradation and Sustainable Development’ from 2007 to 2010 and ‘Transformation Processes in the Eastern Pamirs of Tajikistan. The presence and future of energy resources in the framework of sustainable development’ since 2012. Many interview partners in Tajikistan have supported my enquiries. All support by interlocutors, bureaucrats and development practitioners living and working in the Pamirs is gratefully acknowledged.

Interview Partners

  1. AA (2008) Adylbek Atabaev, Interviewed 28 May 2008Google Scholar
  2. BT (2009) Bekzhol Taipov, Murghab, Interviewed 31 Mar 2009 and 18 May 2009Google Scholar
  3. JI (2009) Jurmat Ismailov, Murghab, Interviewed 19 Apr 2009Google Scholar
  4. KK (2008) Kökönbek Kamchibekov, Murghab, Interviewed 06 May 2008Google Scholar
  5. RM (2010) Robert Middleton, Berlin, Interviewed 14 Mar 2010Google Scholar
  6. SG (2008) Surhob Garibmamatov, Murghab, Interviewed 18 Aug 2008Google Scholar

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Human Geography, Department of Earth Sciences, Centre for Development Studies (ZELF), Institute of Geographic SciencesFreie UniversitätBerlinGermany

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